As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 6


Meaning of Tawheed ar-Rububiyah and its affirmation by the Mushrikeen

Section 2: Explanation of the Meaning of Tawheed and its Categories
Chapter 1: Meaning of Tawheed ar-Rububiyah and its affirmation by the Mushrikeen*

Its general meaning is the belief of singling out Allah in Lordship, sincerely worshiping Him and affirming His Names and Attributes, and these are three categories:
1. Tawheed ar-Rububiyah,
2. Tawheed al-Uluhiyah,
3. Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifat
Each of these categories requires explanation in order to establish the differences between them.

1. Tawheed Ar-Rububiyah: It is to single out Allah in His Actions and believe that He Alone is the Creator of all the creation. 'Allah created all things.' [Soorah az-Zumar (39): 62]

He is the Provider of all animals, humans and everything else, 'And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah.' [Soorah Hud (11): 6]

He is the King of the dominion and the administrator of all affairs; He brings some near to Him and distances others. He honors some and humiliates some. He is Able to do everything, He changes the night into day, gives life and death. 'Say (O Muhammad), 'O Allah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things. You make the night to enter into the day, and You make the day to enter into the night (i.e. increase and decrease in the hours of the night and the day during winter and summer), You bring the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living. And You give wealth and sustenance to whom You will, without limit.' [Soorah aal-Imran (3): 26-27]

Allah has negated any partner or assistant in His dominion, just like He negated any partner in Creation and Provision. Allah says, 'This is the creation of Allah. So show Me that which those (whom you worship), besides Him have created.' [Soorah Luqman (31): 11]

‘Who is he that can provide for you if He should withhold His provision?' [Soorah al-Mulk (67): 21]

Similarly, He declared His Oneness in Rububiyah over all His creation. He said, 'All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).' [Soorah al-Fatiha (1): 2]

'Indeed, your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!' [Soorah al-Araf (7): 54]

Allah has created all His creation with a natural instinct (i.e. Fitra) that affirms His Rububiyah - including the Mushrikeen (polytheists), who (even though they) ascribed partners with Him in worship, declared His Sovereignty in Rububiyah, as He said, 'Say, 'Who is (the) Lord of the seven heavens, and (the) Lord of the Great Throne?' They will say, 'Allah,' say, 'Will you not then fear Allah. Say, 'In Whose Hand is the sovereignty of everything (i.e. treasures of each and everything)? And He protects (all), while against Whom there is no protector, if you know. They will say, '(All that belongs) to Allah.' Say, 'How then are you deceived and turn away from the truth?' [Soorah al-Muminun (23): 86-89]

No group of people from the children of Adam (alaihi as-salaam) has ever contradicted this (category of) Tawheed. Rather, the hearts are created with this natural instinct and this is the greatest of all natural instincts. Allah relates that the Messengers said, 'Their Messengers said, 'What! Can there be a doubt about Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth?' [Soorah Ibraheem (14): 10]

Firawn, one known for his show of ignorance and pretense to deny the Lord, was convinced about it inwardly, as Moosa said to him, '(Moosa) said, 'Verily, you know that these signs have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as clear (evidences).' [Soorah al-Isra (17): 102]

Allah said about him (Firawn) and his people, 'And they belied them (those Ayaat) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their own selves were convinced thereof.' [Soorah An-Naml (27): 14]

Similarly, those who deny the Lord today from the atheist, their denial is merely superficial due to stubbornness. Otherwise, they surely affirm within themselves that there is nothing that exists except that it has an originator, and there is no creation except that it has a creator, and there is no trace except that it has someone who formed that trace. He, the Exalted, says, 'Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm belief.' [Soorah at-Toor (52): 35-36]

Consider the whole world, its highs and lows and all its parts, you will find it testifying to the existence of its Originator, Creator and Owner. Denial of a Creator and rejection of Him in intellect and instinct is like denying and rejecting knowledge, no difference amongst them (Because the correct knowledge proves the existence of the Creator). The atheists, who boast about their denial of the Lord's existence, do so out of pride, and lack of sound intellect and ideologies. He, who is like them has revoked his intelligence and invited people to scoff at him. As the poet says,

'How can Allah be disobeyed
and rejected by the jahid (the denier),
(while) in everything, there is a sign,
which points out that he is waahid (One).

* i.e. those who commit shirk. Here referred to the pagans of Mecca at the time of Prophet (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam).

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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