As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 6

 

Other Tasks Assigned to the Angels

The angels are also assigned a number of other tasks in the universe and in the Hereafter, We shall mention a few of them underneath:

Mountains: Aa'isha (radhi allahu anha) asked the Prophet (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam), 'Have you ever faced any day more difficult than the day of Uhud?' He said, 'I suffered at the hands of your people and the worst that I suffered was what I suffered at their hands on the day of Aqabah. That was when I went to call Ibn Abd Yaalayl ibn Abd al-Kalaal to Islam, and he did not respond. I left feeling depressed and hardly knowing where I was going. I did not recover until I found myself in Qarn al-Tha'aalib. I raised my head and saw that I was being shaded by a cloud. I looked, and saw Jibraeel in the cloud. He called me and said, 'Allah has heard what your people said and how they responded to you. He has sent the angel of the mountains so that you can tell him to do to them whatever you want.' The angel of the mountains called me and greeted me, then said, 'O Muhammad, tell me what you want me to do. If you want, I can crush them between two mountains.' The Prophet (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) said, 'All I hope for is that Allah will bring forth from their loins people who will worship Allah alone and not associate any partner with Him.' [Agreed upon]

Clouds: 'By those (angels) who drive the clouds in a good way.' [Soorah as-Saffat (37): 2] In Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhee, it is narrated from Ibn Abbas that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) said, 'Ar-Ra'd is one of the angels who is responsible for the clouds… He drives the clouds wherever Allah wills.' [Sunan at-Tirmidhee (3/64, hadeeth no. 2492)]

Gatekeepers of Paradise and Hell-Fire: 'And those who kept their duty to their Lord will be led to Paradise in groups, till, when they reach it, and its gates will be opened (before their arrival for their reception) and its keepers will say, 'Salamun Alaikum (peace be upon you)! You have done well, so enter here to abide therein.' [Soorah az-Zumar (39): 73] Imam Ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) writes, '…when they come to the gates of Paradise the gates will be opened for them as a sign of honor, and the angelic keepers will meet them with glad tidings, greetings of peace and praise.'

Concerning the guardians of Hell-Fire, Allah says, 'O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe.' This means that their (the angel's) nature of behavior is stern, because mercy has been taken out of their hearts for those who disbelieve in Allah. (Stern means) their structure is powerful, strong and frightening, 'who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded' meaning, whatever Allah commands them, they rush to obey Him, without delay for even a twinkling of an eye.' [See, Tafseer Ibn Katheer for Soorah at-Tahreem (66): 6]

This elucidates the false idea that devils punish the wrongdoers in the Hell-fire - as depicted in poplar entertainment.

The guardian angel of Hell-fire, who is assigned to light the Hellfire is named Malik. The Prophet (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) is reported to have said, 'Last night I saw (in a dream) two men approaching me. One of them said, 'The one, who will light Hellfire is Malik, the guardian of Hell, and I am Jibraeel and this is Mika'eel.' [Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/459)]


'There are also (other) angels that have responsibilities in this universe that only Allah has knowledge of. There are angels that are put in charge of the seas and angels put in charge of the days. There are angels responsible for the winds and angels put in charge of carrying out many other duties. All of the events that occur in the universe and that constantly transpire within it on a daily basis are only by Allah's decreeing that. As for the angels, they carry out whatever tasks Allah orders them to execute.' [al-Eeman bil-Malaaikah wa-Athruhu fi-Hayatil-Ummah by Shaikh Salih ibn Fawzan al-Fawzan]

Apart from the above, a number of other angels and their duties have been mentioned in the Ahadeeth of Allah's Messenger. He, who wishes to read more about their activities on the earth, heavens, on the Day of Judgment and beyond should refer to books of Ahadeeth.


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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