As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 6


The Three Angels of Life

Jibraeel is responsible for bringing the revelation which brings life into the hearts
'Say (O Muhammad), 'Whoever is an enemy to Jibraeel (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur'aan) down to your heart by Allah's Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. Taurat & Injeel] and guidance and glad tidings for the believers.' [(2): 97] Allah informs us in this verse that Jibraeel is the main emissary entrusted with the mission to bring down the revelation. However, seldom revelation was also brought down by other angels. Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anhu) said, 'Whilst Jibraeel was sitting with the Prophet (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam), he heard a creaking sound above him, and he raised his head. He said, 'This is a door in the heaven which has been opened today, and it has never been opened before today, and an angel has come down through it. This is an angel who has come down to the earth, and he never came down before today. He (that angel) gave the greeting of salaam and said, 'Rejoice, for you have been granted two lights, which have not been given to any Prophet before you - the Opening of the Book (Soorah al-Fatiha) and the closing verses of Soorah al-Baqarah. You will not read even one letter of them but you will be granted reward.' [Saheeh Muslim (806)]

Mika'eel is responsible for the plants & rain which brings life to the earth after its death
Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) said to Jibraeel, 'What is Mika'eel in charge of?' He replied, 'the plants and the rain.' [At-Tabaranee] Ibn Katheer said in al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah (1/50), 'Mika'eel is appointed over the rain and vegetation from which is created the provision of this world. He has helpers who do whatever he commands them to do by the command of his Lord. They control the winds and clouds as the Lord wills.’

Israfeel is responsible for blowing on the trumpet which will bring life to the bodies (on the Day of Resurrection)

'And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah Wills. Then it will be blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on (waiting).' [Soorah az-Zumar (39): 68] Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani said, 'It is well known that the one who will blow the Trumpet is Israfeel (alaihi as-salaam). Al-Haleemi narrated that there is a scholarly consensus upon this.' [Fathul-Baree (11/368)]

The Prophet has informed us that Israfeel is ever prepared to blow the Trumpet, he (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) said, 'How could I relax when the bearer of the Trumpet has put the Trumpet to his lips and tilted his forehead, is listening out, waiting for the command to blow the Trumpet?' The Muslims asked, 'What should we say, O Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'Say, Hasbunallah wa ni'am al-wakeel, tawakkalnaa alallahi Rabbinaa (Allah is Sufficient for us and He is the best Disposer of affairs, we put our trust in Allah, our Lord).' [See, Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheeh (3/66, no. 1079)]

These are the greatest angels due to the magnitude of their duties. This is why when the Prophet (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) would get up for prayer at night, after saying the opening Takbeer, he (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) would say in his opening supplication, 'O Allah! Lord of Jibraeel, Mika'eel and Israfeel, Originator of the heavens and the earth…' [Saheeh Muslim (1/534, hadeeth no. 770)]

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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