As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 7


The Universe and its natural instinct of submission and obedience to Allah

Section 2: Explanation of the Meaning of Tawheed and its Categories
Chapter 3: The Universe and its natural instinct of submission and obedience to Allah

All the universe with its skies and earths, orbits and celestial bodies, with its animals and beasts, trees, soils, streams and seas, and humans, jinn and angels is subservient to Allah, dutiful to His Universal Commands. Allah says, ‘…to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly.’ [Soorah aal-Imran (3): 83]

‘Nay, to Him belong all that is in the heavens and on earth, and all surrender with obedience (in worship) to Him.’ [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 116]
‘And to Allah prostate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of the live moving creatures and the angels, and they are not proud [i.e. they worship their Lord (Allah) with humility].’ [Soorah an-Nahl (16): 49]

‘See you not that to Allah prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and ad-Dawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and many of mankind?’ [Soorah al-Hajj (22): 18]

‘And unto Allah (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons.’ [Soorah ar-Ra’d (13): 15]

Thus, all the creatures and the worlds are obedient to Allah and submissive to His Sovereignty. It runs in compliance to His Wills and in conformity with His obedience and none disobeys Him. They perform their duties and illustrate an accurate coordination - thus, proving the purity of their Creator from any deficiency, limitation and flaw. Allah says, ‘The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him and there is not a thing but glorifies His Praise. But you understand not their glorification.’ [Soorah al-Isra (17): 44]

Thus, all the creatures, the mute and the speaking, the living and the dead, are obedient to Allah and dutiful to His Universal Commands, and all of them prove the purity of Allah from any deficiencies and shortcomings silently or with a loud expression. And if a sane person was to reflect upon these creations, he would surely know that they were created with truth and for the truth. They are subjected to the Commands of their Administrator without disobedience. Thus, everything affirms the Creator by its natural disposition.

Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said, ‘they are humble, submissive, obedient and compliant in many ways, from them are; realization of their need and necessity for Him, their obedience and humbleness to His Divine Decree and Will, their supplication to Him alone in times of anguish. The believer humbles himself to His orders with submission. Likewise, when a Decree is passed over him, which brings calamities; he fulfills what he has been ordered, i.e., he practices patience, etc. in that situation with submission. Thus, he is submissive to Allah in compliance (to His Orders), and humble towards Him in compliance (to His Orders).’ [Majmoo al-Fatawa (1/45)]

The disbeliever humbles himself to His Universal Orders. The meaning of the prostration of the universe is humbleness. Everything prostrates in its own way, prostration that befits it and involves humbleness to Allah, and the glorification of everything is also in a way that befits it and it’s tasbeeh (glorification of Allah) is real, not just symbolic.

Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said regarding the Saying of Allah, ‘Do they seek other than the religion of Allah (the true Islamic Monotheism worshiping none but Allah Alone), while to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him shall they all be returned.’ [Soorah aal-Imran (3): 83]

‘Allah mentioned the submission of the entire universe willingly or unwillingly, because all the creation is subservient to Him in an absolute manner, and they are managed by Him so they submit to Him willingly or unwillingly. None from the creation is exempted from His Will and Decree and there is no Might and Power except with Him. He is the Lord of all of them and their Originator, the One who shapes, and everything besides Him falls under His Lordship upon a natural disposition; poor and in need of worshiping Him, under His Power and He is far removed from all imperfections, the One, the Irresistible, the All-Powerful, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms.’ [Majmoo al-Fatawa, vol.10, p.200]

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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