As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 7


The Time of Iftar: Breaking the Fast

Umar (radhi allahu anahu) said, “The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'When the night approaches from here, and the day passes away from here, and the sun sets, then the fasting person's fast is broken.'" [Agreed upon]
This is something, which, comes about immediately after the sun sets, even if the sky is bright and clear. During his fasts, Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) would order a man to climb upon something and check the status of the sun, which if had set, he would break his fast. [See, al-Hakim (1/434), who declared it authentic according the standards of al-Bukharee and Muslim]
It may be misunderstood that the night does not appear directly after the setting of the sun, but rather starts when the darkness spreads in the east and west. Such is how some of the Sahabah also understood the matter, so they were made aware that the beginning of darkness in the east directly after the sun disappears is sufficient. Abdullah Ibn Abee Awfaa (radhi allahu anahu) said, “We were with Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) on a journey and he was fasting (in the month of Ramadaan), so when the sun set he said to one of the people, 'O so and so (and in a narration of Abu Dawood, 'O Bilaal') stand and mix gruel (thin porridge) for us.' He said, 'O Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), if you were to wait until evening' (and in a narration of al-Bukharee, 'The sun!') He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Get down and mix gruel for us.' He said, 'It is still day time!' He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Get down and mix gruel for us.' So he dismounted and made the gruel and the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) drank and he said, 'if anyone had mounted his camel to try and see the sun, he would have seen it'. Then he beckoned (in a narration of al-Bukharee, 'he indicated with his hand), (and in a narration of al-Bukharee and Muslim, 'he indicated with his finger towards the east') then said, 'when you see that the night has approached from here then the fasting person's fast is broken." [See, Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/199) ]

Note: One should break the fast and pray according to the Sunnah even if for some reason the adhan is deliberately delayed.

Dua of Iftar:

Translation: ‘The thirst has gone and the veins are quenched and the reward is confirmed, if Allah wills.’

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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