As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 7

 

Intention of fasting


An-Niyyah is in the heart: The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “The actions are Innama (only, certainty) tied to the intentions and every person will earn that which he intended.” [Agreed upon] An-Niyyah is the resolution (intention) of the heart. The place of the intention is the heart and announcing the Niyyah aloud is an innovation (Bidah) that has no basis in the Book and the Sunnah.

An-Niyyah for the Fard (obligatory) fasts: It is obligatory to have the intention for the obligatory fasts prior to the dawn (sunrise) as the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “He, who does not resolve to fast before it is Fajr, then there is no fast for him” [Abu Dawood (no. 2454)]
An-Niyyah for the Nafl (voluntary) fasts: Unlike the obligatory fasts, one may intend to fast voluntarily even after the crack of dawn - provided that one has avoided eating, drinking, and sexual intercourse. Evidence for this ruling is the Hadeeth of Aisha (radhi allahu anha), when she narrated, “The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) came to visit me one day and asked, “Do you have anything (to eat)?” I said, “No.” He replied, “Then, I am fasting.” [Saheeh Muslim]

There is No Specific Dua for an-Niyyah. “If it crosses a person's mind that he is going to fast tomorrow, then he has made the intention.’ [Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in al-Ikhtiyaaraat (p. 191)]


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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