As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 7

 

Meaning of al-Qadaa (atonement) and its Rulings


Al-Qadaa is making up missed fasts of Ramadaan with similar number of fasts on days other than Ramadaan.

It is not obligatory to make al-Qadaa immediately after Ramadaan. Al-Qadaa for the missed fasts of Ramadaan may be delayed until the next Ramadaan as is known from Aa'isha (radhi allahu anha), who relates, “It used to be that I had days to make up for Ramadaan and I would not be able to do so except in Shabaan (the month before Ramadaan).” [Agreed upon] Al-Hafidh (rahimahullah) says in al-Fath (4/191), “The (above) Hadeeth contains proof for allowance of delaying al-Qadaa of missed Ramadaan fasts unrestrictedly, with or without any excuse.”
    Although, it is better to hasten in making up the missed fasts than to delay them, since this falls under the general command of hastening to do good deeds and not delaying them, such as the saying of Allah in the Qur'aan, “And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for al-Muttaqoon (the pious).” [Soorah al-Imran, (3): 133]

It is also not obligatory to make up the days together (i.e. one immediately after the other). Allah, the Exalted, says, “The same number (of days which one did not fast must be made up) from other days.” [Soorah al Baqarah (2): 185] Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anahu) said, “There is no harm if one fasts them separately.” [(mu'allaq) Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/189) See, Taghleequt-Ta'leeq (3/186)] And Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anahu) said, “One may fast them together if he wishes.” [(saheeh) Daaraqutnee, al-Irwa (4/95)]

However, it is not permissible to postpone al-Qadaa fasts until after the next Ramadan without a legal excuse like, continuous illness, nursing mothers, etc.

If one does not make al-Qadaa of the missed fasts until the next Ramadaan, then he should make al-Qadaa and feed a poor person for each day. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anahu) narrates concerning a person who falls sick and thus breaks his fast and does not make al-Qadaa of his missed fasts until the next Ramadaan arrives, “He should fast the present Ramadaan, and then make al-Qadaa for the missed fasts of the previous Ramadaan and feed a poor person for each missed fast. [ad-Daraqutnee]


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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