As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 7


Actions which nullify the fast and require al-Qadha

Eating and Drinking Intentionally: It is well known that fasting is abstaining from eating and drinking, therefore, if one eats or drinks deliberately and in full consciousness, he is obliged to make al-Qadaa for the sin he committed. However, he, who eats or drinks accidentally or out of forgetfulness or is forced, nothing is required from him. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “If one of you eats and drinks out of forgetfulness, then let him complete his fast (maintain his fast for the rest of the day) for it was indeed Allah, Who gave him food and drink.” [Agreed upon]
While eating or drinking, if one remembers that he is fasting, he must immediately stop and spit out any food still present in his mouth and continue his fast.

Anything that Comes Under the Same Heading as Eating and Drinking also invalidates the fast. This includes two things,
1. Transfusion of blood to the fasting person invalidates the fast because blood is formed from food and drink.
2. Nourishment via needle as in the case of a drip or injections intended for nourishment or substitute for food will render the fast invalid.

Vomiting Intentionally: Whoever vomits deliberately by sticking his finger in his throat, pressing his stomach, deliberately smelling something nasty or persisting in looking at something that makes him vomit, has to make al-Qadaa. Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “Whoever has an attack of vomiting, then no atonement is required of him, but whoever vomits intentionally then let him make atonement for it.” [Abu Dawood (2/310).Its isnad is saheeh. See, Haqeeqat as-Siyaam (p. 14).]

Menstruation and Post-Natal Bleeding, When a woman begins to menstruate (haidh) or begins afterbirth bleeding (nifas) during the fasting hours of Ramadaan, whether it is at the start of the fast or a moment before sunset; her fast is nullified. She must make up for that day and the rest of the days until she is pure again, and if she were to continue fasting during her days of menstruation, it would not count, for the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “Is it not that when she gets her period, she does not pray or fast?” [Saheeh al-Bukharee (304)]
    The order of al-Qadaa is known by the following Hadeeth in which a woman asked Aa'isha (radhi allahu anha), “Why is it that the menstruating woman has to make up her fasts but not the prayers?” …She (radhi allahu anha) said, “…We were ordered to make up the fasts and were never ordered to make up the prayers.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/429)]

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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