As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 2

 

The Etiquettes of Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

Words of Shaikh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baz (rahimahullah)

The Etiquettes of Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

It is Mustahabb (highly recommended) to enter the Prophet's mosque with the right foot and recite the following,

‘In the Name of Allah and May the peace and blessings be upon the Messenger. I seek refuge with Allah, the Supreme and with His Noble Face, and His eternal authority from the accursed devil. O Allah, open the gates of Your Mercy for me.' [Saheeh Muslim]
This is the same supplication, which one recites before entering any mosque. There is no specific duaa (supplication) for the Prophet's mosque.

One should then perform two raka'ah (of tahiyyatul-masjid) and invoke Allah in them (i.e., in the prayer) for the good of this world and the Hereafter. It is better if these two raka'ah are performed in Rawdatul-Jannah for he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'There is a garden from the gardens of Paradise between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit is on my lake (i.e. al-Hawd al-Kawthar).' [Saheeh al-Bukharee (vol. 3, no. 112)]

After completing the two raka'ah, one should visit the Prophet's grave and the graves of his two companions; Abu Bakr (radhi allahu anhu) and Umar (radhi allahu anhu). One should then stand next to the Prophet's grave respectfully and keeping his voice low, send blessings upon him (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) in the following words, 'As-Salaam alaika ya rasoolullah wa-Rahmatullahi wa-Barakatuhu.' 'May the Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you, O Messenger of Allah.'

It is reported in Abu Dawood with a hasan isnad from Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu), who said, 'The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'No one gives greetings of salaam (i.e. sends blessing upon me), except that Allah will restore my soul to me, so that I may reply to him with the greeting of salaam.' [(hasan) see as-Saheehah, no. 2266]*2

There is no objection if the visitor also adds the following words during his visit,

‘May the Peace of Allah be upon you, O Prophet of Allah. May the Peace of Allah be upon you, O blessed one of Allah's Creation. May the Peace of Allah be upon you, O leader of the Messenger and Imam of the righteous. I bear witness that you have (completely) conveyed the Message (which Allah bestowed upon you), fulfilled the Amanah (trust), and advised the (Muslim) Ummah and duly struggled in (the way of) Allah.'

These are all qualities of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and it is prescribed in the Sharee'ah to send salaat upon the Messenger of Allah and greet him (with salaam), 'O you who believe! Send your salaat on (ask Allah to bless) him (Muhammad), and greet him with the Islamic way of greeting (i.e. as-salamu alaikum).' [Soorah al-Ahzab (33): 56]

Then one should send (greetings of) salaam upon Abu Bakr (radhi allahu anhu) and Umar (radhi allahu anhu) and supplicate for them and invoke Allah's Pleasure upon them.

When Ibn Umar (radhi allahu anhu) sent (greetings of) salaam upon the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and his companions, he only said the following, 'As-salaam alaika ya rasoolullah', 'As-salaam alaika ya Aba Bakr', 'As-salaam alaika ya-Abata'

'May the Peace of Allah be upon you, O Messenger of Allah, and May the Peace of Allah be upon you, O Abu Bakr and may the Peace of Allah be upon you, O my father.' [Mu'atta Imam Malik, Musannif Ibn Abi Shaiba, Musannif Sunan Kubra Bayhaqee]
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Translator's Notes

*2: Restoring of the soul and replying to the greetings of salaam mentioned in this hadeeth relate to the life of the barzakh and should not be understood to be like the actions of this world. A detailed explanation can be found on pg. 13


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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