As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 7

 

Permission to refrain from fasting and pay al-Fidya only


Meaning of al-Fidya and its rulings: Al-Fidya is to abstain from fasting or break one's fast in Ramadaan, due to legal excuse, and feed a poor person for each day (either lunch or supper) on the average scale of that which one feeds his own family. One can either feed a poor person for each day individually or gather poor people according to the number of days that require al-Fidya and feed them all at once. [See, Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa'imah (10/198)] Or one may give each poor ¼ Saa' (i.e. half kg and ten gm) of good wheat and it is better to offer it with some meat and oil. Al-Fidya should be offered in Ramadan and not before that.

People who are granted the permission to refrain from fasting and offer al-Fidya only: Old men and women, who are incapable of observing fasts in Ramadaan, may recompense for it by offering al-Fidya. Abdullah Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anahu) narrates, “Old people are allowed to refrain from fasting. But for every missed fast, one should feed the poor and he is not obliged to make al-Qada.” [Daraqutnee and al-Hakim]

A sick person whose health is not likely to improve, for example, if one is afflicted with the incurable disease of cancer then he should offer al-Fidya.


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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