As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 7

 

The Meaning of Salaat of the Angels and their La'nah

Compiled by Shawana A. Aziz

References of the article: This article is mainly based upon the book, 'Fariston ka Darood panewale aur Lanat panewale' by Dr. Fazl-e-Ilahi, Riyadh as-Saliheen, Tafseer Ibn Katheer, Lectures by Shaikh Abdullah al-Farsi and others.

The Meaning of the Angel's Salaat and their La'nah

The meaning of Angel's Salaat upon the believers is explained by Hafidh Ibn Jauzi (rahimahullah) in two different statements, First - the Salaat of the Angels is their supplication on behalf of the slaves of Allah as explained by Abu Aliya. [See, Saheeh al-Bukharee, The Book of Tafseer] Second the Salaat of the Angels is their seeking forgiveness. [Zaad al-Maseer (6/398)]
Imam Raghib Asfahani has combined both these statements and said, 'The Salaat of the Angels is their supplication and seeking forgiveness.' [al-Mufarridat fi Gharib al-Qur'aan]

While explaining the meaning of La'nah, Imam Raghib Asfahani (rahimahullah) cited, 'La'nah means to get angry and condemn and repel and the La'nah of Allah is His punishment on the Day of Judgment and in this world (it means) discontinuation of His Blessings and guidance. The La'nah of one person for the other is the supplication of the former against the latter.' [al-Mufarridat fi Gharib al-Qur'aan, p.451]

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From the foremost, whose supplication and intercession is accepted by Allah are the Angels. Such is because Angels are obedient slaves of their Lord and they supplicate only for those whom Allah likes that they intercede. Allah says in the Qur'aan, 'They speak not until He (Allah) has spoken, and they act on His Command.' Allah says further, '…and they cannot intercede (i.e., supplicate on behalf of someone) except for him with whom He (Allah) is pleased. [Soorah al-Ambiya (21): 26] This is a very important rule concerning intercession, 'No intercession except with Allah's Leave,' as Allah also says in Soorah Saba (34): 23, 'Intercession with Him profits not, except for him whom He permits.'

Ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) writes, 'Allah tells us that the angels in the heavens, those who are close to Him and others, are all servants who submit humbly to Allah. They do not intercede with Him except by His Permission for someone with whom He is pleased. They are not like the princes and ministers of their (the idolater's) kings who intercede with them without their permission for both; those whom the kings like and those whom they hate…' [See, Tafseer Ibn Katheer (39): 1-4] Thus, '…verses (that mention this fundamental principle of intercession) assert Allah's greatness, pride, and grace, and that no one dares to intercede with Him on behalf of anyone else, except by His permission.' [See, Tafseer Ibn Katheer (21): 28]

Accordingly, in order to achieve the intercession of the creation, it is first required to please Allah by adhering to the requirements of Tawheed (Oneness of Allah) and not committing any form of Shirk. When Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anahu) asked the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), 'Who will be the happiest of people to receive your intercession?' He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Whoever said, 'La ilaha illa Allah' sincerely with pure intention from his heart.' [Quoted from Kitab at-Tawheed by Muhammad ibn Wahhab] (*1)
In light of this Hadeeth, no intercession will be of benefit to someone who commits Shirk or one, who leads his life in disobedience to Allah and all the while simply holding on to the false hope that he will be pardoned due to the intercession of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) or someone else. One should always remember that intercession is an honor bestowed by Allah on His Messengers and pious slaves. When Allah Wills to forgive the sins of His slaves, He might make intercession of His pious slaves a means to forgive a sinful person, thus forgiving His sinful slave and honoring His pious slave.

Texts of the Qur'aan and the Sunnah mention the characteristics of such fortunate people, for whom the Angels are permitted to intercede before Allah, seek forgiveness and ask Allah's blessings for them. It also cites those unfortunate people, upon whom the Angels invoke the Anger of Allah, and supplicate to Allah for their destruction, failure and humiliation. In order to make known and encourage incorporating the good qualities that make one worthy of Angel's Salaat and warn against those destructive traits which cause one to deserve Angel's La'nah, we have compiled a few Ahadeeth that speak about the subject.


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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