As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 7

 

Fortunate People, who deserve the Angel’s Salaat


People, who sleep in a state of purity
Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Purify these bodies and Allah will purify you. There is no one who sleeps in the state of purity except that an Angel accompanies him for the night. He (the slave of Allah) does not turn his side (during his sleep) except that the Angel says, 'O Allah, forgive your slave because he slept in a state of purity.' (*2) Moreover, when this person awakens from his sleep, the same Angel seeks forgiveness for him. Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'An Angel accompanies him, who sleeps in a state of purity and he does not awaken from his sleep except that the Angel says, 'O Allah forgive your slave (and he mentions his name) because he slept in a state of purity.' (*3)
These two Ahadeeth mention two merits for the one who sleeps in the state of purity, (a) An Angel accompanies him throughout the night and what a great merit is it to receive the company of an Angel! (b) During the night, whenever the slave of Allah changes his side, the Angel seeks forgiveness for him.
These are not the only two benefits of sleeping in the state of purity. Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) is reported to have said, 'There is no Muslim who sleeps in a state of purity while mentioning the remembrance of Allah and wakes up during the night and asks any blessing of this world or the Hereafter except that Allah grants his request.' (*4)

People, who eagerly await the subsequent prayer
Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, '(When) One of you awaits the Salaat without breaking his ablution, he is in the state of prayer. The Angels supplicate for him, 'O Allah, forgive him. O Allah, have Mercy upon him.' (*5)
Allahu Akbar! Such great reward for such a simple and easy deed - The slave of Allah merely awaits the prayer and the rewards of performing prayers are recorded in his deeds, and the Angels seek forgiveness and blessings of Allah for him!! Fortunate people used to and still preserve this magnificent deed. A splendid story in this regard is the one mentioned by Imam Ibnul-Mubarak (rahimahullah) from Ataa ibn Saaib (rahimahullah) that he said, 'We visited Abu Abdur-Rahman Salma (whose name was Abdullah ibn Habib) and he was at the verge of death in the mosque. We suggested him to be moved to his house, which would be more comfortable. To which he replied, 'Such and such person has informed me that Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Whoever amongst you stays in the mosque awaiting the prayer is in the state of prayer.' And in the narration of Imam Ibn Sad that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'and the Angels say, 'O Allah, forgive him. O Allah, have Mercy on him.' (*6) And then he (Abu Abdur-Rahman Salma) said, 'So, I want to die while I am in the mosque.' (*7) May Allah shower His Blessings upon this slave of His and May He bestow us with such enthusiasm and devotion.

People, who complete the rows of congregation prayer
The Angels send Salaat upon those, who join the lines and stand shoulder-to-shoulder and toe-to-toe in congregational prayers while leaving no place in between. Two Ahadeeth from many on the subject have been quoted below, Aa'isha (radhi allahu anha) reports from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), 'Verily, Allah and His Angels send Salaat upon those who complete the rows, and whoever fills a gap (in a row), Allah will raise his status because of it.' (*14)
    Imam Ibn Khuzaymah relates from Baraa ibn Azib (radhi allahu anahu), 'Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) would walk from one corner of the row to the other and touch our chests and shoulders (in order to straighten our lines) and say, 'Don't split (your rows) (or Allah may) split your hearts. (*15) He (Baraa ibn Azib (radhi allahu anahu)) narrates that Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to say, 'Verily, Allah and His Angels send Salaat upon those who complete the first rows.' (*16) Therefore, the Sahabah y used to preserve their lines of congregation. Imam Bukharee (rahimahullah) records from Anas Ibn Malik (radhi allahu anahu) that Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Straighten your rows, for I see you from behind my back.' Anas added, 'Each one of us used to put his shoulder with the shoulder of his companion and his foot with the foot of his companion.' (*17)

People, who perform Fajr and Asr prayers in congregation
Angels of night and Angels of day gather at (the time of) Fajr and Asr prayers. So, when they gather at (the time of) Fajr prayer, Angels of night ascend and Angels of day descend, and they gather at (the time of) Asr prayer, the Angels of day ascend and Angels of night descend. (and) their Lord asks them, 'In what state did you leave my slaves?' They reply, 'We descended and they were praying, and we left them while they were praying, so forgive them on the Day of Judgment.' (*18)

People, who keep seated at the place of Salaat after concluding it
Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anahu) reported, 'The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Anyone amongst you who sat in a place of worship waiting for the prayer is in prayer and his ablution is not broken, the angels invoke blessing upon him (in these words), 'O Allah! pardon him. O Allah! have mercy upon him.' (*19)

Q: Is it necessary that one keeps seated in the place of one's Salaat in the mosque in order to receive the Angel's Salaat, or one would still receive this merit if he were to move to another place in the mosque?
Hafidh Ibn Hajr (rahimahullah) writes explaining a similar Hadeeth in Fathul-Baree (2/136), 'the intent of the saying of Allah's Messenger, 'at the place of Salaat' is the same place, where a person performs his Salaat. This has been said considering the general situation. However, if one moves to another place with the intention of awaiting the next prayer, then he will be eligible for the same reward.'

Q: Can women praying in their own houses also achieve the Salaat of Angels by sitting at the place of prayer?
Allamah Ibn Baz (rahimahullah) answered a similar question in the affirmative.
Question: 'Is reading the Qur'aan after Fajr prayer in one's home equal in reward to performing the same deed in the mosque?'
Answer, 'This is a greatly rewarding deed, but the words of the Hadeeth indicate that the reward is for those who perform the deed in the place of one's prayer in the mosque. However, if someone due to some sickness or fear, performs the Fajr Salaat in the house, reads the Qur'aan or glorifies Allah while being seated in the place of prayer until sunrise and then performs two raka'ah of prayer - Insha'Allah, he will achieve the rewards mentioned in the Hadeeth, because he has performed the prayer in the house due to reasons recognized by the Sharee'ah.
    Similarly, if a woman performs the Fajr Salaat in the house, reads the Qur'aan or glorifies Allah while being seated in the place of prayer until sunrise and then performs two raka'ah of prayer, then she will also achieve the rewards mentioned in the hadeeth.' (*20)

People, who complete the recitation of the Qur'aan
Imam Darmi (rahimahullah) relates from Sa'd (radhi allahu anahu), 'If the recitation of the Qur'aan is completed in the first part of the night then the Angels send Salaat upon the reciter until the end part of the night, and if the recitation of the Qur'aan is completed in the last part of the night, then the Angels send Salaat upon the reciter until the evening. So, perhaps, one of us had some part of the Qur'aanic recitation remaining, then he would delay it until the evening or morning.' (*21)

People, who send Salaat upon the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)
The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'There is no person who sends blessings on me, but the angels send blessings on him so long as he sends blessings on me. So, let the person do a little of that or a lot.' (*22)
    Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) has greatly encouraged his Ummah to send more and more blessings upon him by mentioning it's immense virtues. Imam Tirmidhee (rahimahullah) reports from Abi ibn Kab (radhi allahu anahu) that I said, 'O Messenger of Allah! I want to increase sending Salaat upon you. So (guide me as to), how much part of my Dua (supplication) should I dedicate for it (i.e., sending Salaat upon you)?' He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'As much as you like.' I said, 'one-forth?' He said, 'As much as you like, but if you increase, it will be better for you.' I said, 'Half?' He said, 'As much as you like, but if you increase, it will be better for you.' I said, 'Two-third.' He said, 'As much as you like, but if you increase, it will be better for you.' I said, 'Should I dedicated all of my supplication (for sending Salaat upon you)?' He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Then, all your worries will be taken care of and your sins will be forgiven.' (*23)
    In another narration recorded by Imam Ahmad from Abi ibn Ka'ab states, 'A man said, 'What is your opinion if I were to dedicate all of my supplication for sending Salaat upon you?' The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'then, all your worries of the world and the Hereafter will be taken care of.' (*24)

People, who spend for a good cause
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Every day two angels descend from heaven and one of them says, 'O Allah! Compensate every person who spends in Your Cause,' and the other (angel) says, 'O Allah! Destroy every miser.' (*25)
    Hafidh Ibn Hajr (rahimahullah) has mentioned an excellent point while explaining the Hadeeth, he says that the Angel does not restrict the recompense of the spent money. The wisdom behind it is that the compensation could be in the form of anything, wealth, reward or something else. There are many people, who spend for a good cause but leave the world before any compensation (of their money) reaches them in the form of wealth and their share is allocated until the Hereafter in the form of reward or (for some people) their compensation is in the form of being saved from hardships.' (*26)

People, who maintain the Sunnah of Suhoor
Narrated Ibn Umar (radhi allahu anahu), 'Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Verily, Allah and His Angels send Salaat upon those who eat the Suhoor (the pre-dawn meal of fasting).' (*27)
    From Abu Sa'eed al-Khudree (radhi allahu anahu), who said, 'Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'The Suhoor is a meal of blessings, so do not leave it, even if one of you just takes a (gulp) of water, since Allah sends Mercy, and His Angels seek forgiveness for those who take the Suhoor.' (*28) This Hadeeth shows the Prophet's keenness for his Ummah to receive the Mercy of Allah and His forgiveness. Therefore, he encouraged us to drink even a sip of water for Suhoor.

People, who maintain their fasts even though food is served before them
Ammarah (radhi allahu anahu) relates that Allah's Messenger visited him at his house. A number of other companions also gathered there, who were served dates. One man isolated himself. Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) inquired, 'What is the matter with him?' The man replied, 'I am fasting.' So, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'there is no fasting person before whom people eat except that Angels send Salaat upon him until they leave.' (*29)
Shaikh Ahmad Abdur-Rahman al-Banna said while explaining the words of Allah's Messenger, 'the Angels send Salaat upon him,' - 'Angels send Salaat upon him because he practices patience even though food is served before him, and especially because (in this situation) his heart will be persuaded towards the food and fasting would become difficult for him.' (*30)

People, who visit their sick Muslim brethren
Abu Dawood narrated from Ali ibn Abi Talib (radhi allahu anahu) that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'There is no man who visits a sick person in the evening, but seventy thousand angels go out with him, and pray for his forgiveness until the morning, and he will have provision in Paradise. And whoever goes to him in the morning, seventy thousand Angels go with him, and they pray for forgiveness for him until the evening, and he will have provision in Paradise.' (*31)
    Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) has encouraged his Ummah to visit the sick by mentioning many other virtues of this deed, for example, he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'He, who visits a sick remains under the blessings of Allah until he returns, and if he sits (near the sick) then he has been drowned in it (i.e., in the blessing).' (*32)

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Speak good near the sick or the dead for, Angels say, 'Ameen' upon everything that is said at such occasions
Umm Salamah (radhi allahu anha) reported Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) saying, 'Whenever you visit the sick or the dead, supplicate for good because Angels say, 'Ameen,' to whatever you say…' (*33) Imam an-Nawawi (rahimahullah) said, 'this Hadeeth indicates that only good should be spoken at such a place. One should seek Allah's Forgiveness and Mercy (for the sick or the dead) and supplicate for leniency and compassion with them…' (*34)
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People, who preach good to others
Abu Umamah (radhi allahu anahu) narrates that two kinds of people were mentioned before Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), an aabid (worshiper) and an aalim (a knowledgeable person). Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, '… Verily, Allah and His Angels and inhabitants of the heavens and the earths, even the ant in its hole and even the fish send Salaat upon the preacher of good.' (*35) The meaning of, 'the preacher of good' in this Hadeeth signifies the knowledge of the religion and the knowledge, which relates to the success of the people. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) did not mention the sending of Salaat upon every preacher, but he only mentioned the preacher of good so that it becomes evident that only those preachers, who lead the people to good are worthy of such Salaat. See, Mirkat al-Mafateh (1/473)


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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