As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 2

 

On women visiting the graves

Words of Shaikh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baz (rahimahullah)

Visiting the graves is legislated only for the men. Women are forbidden from visiting the graves as is reported that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) cursed women who visit graves, those who build mosques over them and erect lamps (over the graves).' [Abu Dawood ( 3230]*3

Going to Medina with the intention of prayer, duaa, etc. in the mosque of Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), like what is permitted for all other mosques, is acceptable and we have mentioned the ahadeeth concerning it. And one should increase in dhikr, duaa, voluntary salaat (in the Prophet's mosque) seeking to seize the opportunity of earning the abundant reward (of praying in the Prophet's mosque).

It is mustahabb (recommended) to increase in nawafil (voluntary) prayers in ar-Rawdah ash-Shareefah (i.e. ar-Rawdatul-Jannah) and we have mentioned the saheeh hadeeth mentioning its virtues. 'There is a garden from the gardens of Paradise between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit is on my lake (i.e. al-Hawd al-Kawthar).' [Saheeh al-Bukharee (vol. 3, no. 112)]

During the obligatory prayers, the visitors (of the Prophet's mosque) and others should approach the first row and maintain it according to their capabilities, even if one were in the extended part of the mosque. Because Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) has instructed and encouraged to pray in the first row, he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'If the people were to know the excellence of adhan (call to prayer) and the first row, and they could not (get these opportunities) except by drawing lots, they would have definitely done that. [Saheeh Muslim, no. 2877]

He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) also said while addressing his sahabah (radhi allahu anhum), 'Come forward and follow my lead, and let those who come after you follow your lead. People will continue to keep back until Allah puts them at the back.' Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri (radhi allahu anhu) reported, 'The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) saw (a tendency) among his companions to go to the back, so he said to them, 'Come forward and follow my lead, and let those who come after you, follow your lead. People will continue to keep back till Allah will put them at the back.' [Saheeh Muslim (no. 0878)]

It is reported in Abu Dawood from Aa'isha (radhi allahu anha) with a hasan isnad that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'The people will continue to keep themselves away from the front row until Allah will keep them away in the Hell-Fire.' [Sunan Abu Dawood, Kitab as-Salaat (680)]

It is also reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Why don't you draw yourselves up in rows as angels do in the presence of their Lord? They complete the first row and keep close together in the rows.' [See, Saheeh Muslim (no. 864)]

Numerous ahadeeth are reported in this context and they are common for the Prophet's mosque without the extended part or along with it or for any other mosque. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to encourage his sahabah (radhi allahu anhum) to extend the prayer row towards the right. It is known that the right side of the row in the previous mosque of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) (i.e., during the lifetime of the Prophet) was outside ar-Rawdah (ar-Rawdatul-Jannah). Therefore, we understand that praying in the first row and keeping to the right side of the row is preferred and more virtuous than praying in ar-Rawdatul-Jannah. This becomes very clear to anyone who analyzes the ahadeeth mentioned in this section. And Allah is the Source of Guidance.

It is not permissible for anyone to wipe his hand over the hujrah (i.e. walls or fences of the Prophet's grave) or kiss it or circumambulate it because that is not reported from the salufus-salih (the pious predecessors), rather it is a detestable Bidah (innovation).

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Translator's Notes

*3: The Difference of Opinion on the Issue of Women Visiting Graves
Anas Ibn Malik (radhi allahu anhu) related that once the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) passed by a woman crying beside a grave and said to her, 'Fear Allah and be patient.' [Saheeh al-Bukharee] After mentioning this hadeeth, Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) said in Fathul-Baree (vol. 4, p. 244), 'The (scholars) disagreed regarding the women (visiting graves). The majority held that they are included in the general permission for visiting graves (unless there is danger of corruption). The ruling permitting women to visit graves is supported by the hadeeth of this chapter (i.e. the above hadeeth). The source of evidence in the hadeeth is the fact that he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) did not censure the women from sitting beside the grave, and whatever he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) approves is proof (of its permissibility).'
Hasan Ibn Thabit (radhi allahu anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) cursed women who frequently visit graves. [Saheeh Sunan Ibn Majah (vol.1, no. 1279)] Imam al-Qurtubee said that the curse mentioned in the hadeeth is for those women who are frequent visitors of the graves, as indicated by the intensive form of the word zuwwaraat. Perhaps, the reason for (the prohibition of) frequent visitation is the possible negative results of such visits like, a) the loss of some of their husband's rights due to their frequent absences from the home, b) the unnecessary public exposure of women, c) increased depression leading to wailing and other forbidden expressions of grief. [Adapted from, 'Funeral Rites in Islam' by Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips]


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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