As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 8

 

How do we reconcile between these two statements?

How do we reconcile between these two statements?

Question: How do we reconcile between the saying of the Sahabah, 'Allah and His Messenger know best', i.e. the use of 'and' in this phrase and the prohibition of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) in saying, 'what Allah and His Messenger will'?

Answer by Shaikh Salih al-Uthaimeen (rahimahullah), 'The saying, 'Allah and His Messenger know best' is acceptable because the knowledge of Allah's Messenger r is from the Knowledge of Allah. Moreover, Allah is the One, Who teaches mankind everything they do not know and therefore it is appropriate to use 'and.' Similarly, in the matters of Sharee'ah, it is said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best,' because he (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) is the most knowledgeable of the creation about the Sharee'ah of Allah, and his knowledge is from the Knowledge of Allah, Who taught him this knowledge as He says, 'Allah has sent down to you the Book (the Qur'aan), and Al-Hikmah (Islamic laws, knowledge of legal and illegal things i.e. the Prophet's Sunnah - legal ways), and taught you that which you knew not. And Ever Great is the Grace of Allah unto you (O Muhammad).' [Soorah an-Nisa (4): 113]

It (i.e., saying, 'Allah and His Messenger know best,') is not like the saying, 'What Allah and His Messenger Will' because this (the latter) is from the matters of Might (Qudrah) and Will (Mashee'ah), and it is not allowed to make Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) a partner with Allah in this matter. (*1)

So, in matters of (the knowledge of the) Sharee'ah, it is said, 'Allah and His Messenger knows best' but not in the Universal matters (for Allah Alone Decides and Wills what happens in the Universe and it is His Might Alone that prevails).
The above also explains the mistake and ignorance of those who write (the following verse) for some actions, 'And say, 'Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger…' (*2) [Soorah Tawbah (9): 105] [End of fatawa. See, al-Manahi al-Lafdhiyah by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Salih al-Uthaimeen]

Translated by Shawana A. Aziz
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*1: translator’s note: Hudhaifah Ibn Yaman (radiallahu'anhu) said, 'The Prophet (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) said, 'Say not, 'What Allah wills and so-and-so wills,' but say, 'What Allah wills, and then what so-and-so wills.'' [Abu Dawood with authentic Isnad]

The first form ('What Allah wills and so-and-so wills,') mentioned in this Hadeeth is prohibited for the reason that it combines the will of someone else with the Will of Allah. It is, thus, associating partners in the Will of Allah, a form of minor Shirk. It is as if someone says to a person, 'I have only Allah's Support and yours.' In this statement, Allah and the man (addressed) are given the same status, which is most unfair and unjust. It would, however, be all right to say, 'We have the support of Allah and then yours', because this statement does not have any trace of Shirk, because in this second form, the Will of Allah comes first, which is the correct position, and the will of someone else comes later which is subject to the Will of Allah.
Once a man came to the Prophet (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) and said, 'With the Will of Allah and with your will,' he (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) said to him, 'Have you made me an associate with Allah?' Rather it is, 'what Allah Alone wills.' [An-Nisaee]

Qutailah (radiallahuanhu) narrated, 'A Jew came to the Prophet (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) and said, 'Your people commit Shirk when they say, 'By the Will of Allah and with your will,' and say, 'By Ka'bah.' Thereafter, the Prophet (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) commanded to swear by saying, 'By the Rabb (Lord) of the Ka'bah,' and to say, 'by the Will of Allah and then with your will.' [An-Nisaee graded it saheeh]
Refer to As-Sunnah Issue no.4 - Article ‘Words We Say out of Negligence.’

*2: translator’s note: The complete verse is, 'And say (O Muhammad), 'Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers. And you will be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. Then He will inform you of what you used to do.' [Soorah at-Tawbah (9): 105]

Imam Ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) writes in the Tafseer of this verse under the heading, 'Mujahid said that this verse carries a warning for those who defy His orders. Their deeds will be shown to Allah, Blessed and Most Honored, and to the Messenger (sallallahu alihe wa-sallam) and the believers. This will certainly occur on the Day of Resurrection, just as Allah said, 'That Day shall you be brought to Judgment, not a secret of you will be hidden.' [Soorah al-Haqqah (69): 18] 'The Day when all the secrets will be examined.' [Soorah at-Tariq (86): 9] and, 'And that which is in the breasts (of men) shall be known.' [Soorah al-Aadiyat (100): 10]

Allah might expose some deeds to the people in this life. Al-Bukharee said that Aaishah said, 'If the good deeds of a Muslim person please you, then say, ‘Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers.' [Fath al-Baree (13:512)]


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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