As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 2


Invoking others besides Allah is Shirk

Words of Shaikh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baz (rahimahullah)

Invoking others besides Allah is Shirk *4

It is not allowed for anyone to invoke the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to fulfill one’s needs, relieve suffering or cure the sick, etc. because all these should not to be asked except from Allah, the Glorified. Seeking them from the dead is committing Shirk with Allah (associating partners with Allah) and worshiping others with Him.

The religion of Islam is built on two fundamental pillars;
First, Do not worship any one except Allah alone,
Second, Do not worship (Allah) except with what the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) has informed.*5

This is the meaning of, La ilaha illAllah - ‘There is no Ilah (worthy of worship) except Allah, and Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) is the Messenger of Allah.'

Thus, it is not allowed for anyone to ask Shifa'ah from Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) because it (Shifa'ah) is the Right of Allah, Alone. It should not be asked from anyone except Allah, as He says (in the Qur'aan), ‘Say, ‘To Allah belongs all intercession.’ [Soorah az-Zumar (39): 44]
Therefore, one should say (in his duaa),

‘O Allah! Make your Prophet my intercessor, O Allah! Make your angels my intercessors, O Allah! Make your righteous slaves my intercessor, O Allah! Make my children (who die before puberty) my intercessor.' and the like.’

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Translator's Notes

*4: Invoking and Seeking Help from Allah's Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam)

Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Salih al-Uthaimeen (rahimahullah) says in Akhta' Yaqa'a fiha al-Haaj wa'l-Mu'tamir (Mistakes made by pilgrims of Hajj and Umrah), 'Some visitors pray to the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to relieve distress or to grant them something they desire. This is major shirk which puts a person beyond the pale of Islam, and Allah and His Messenger do not approve of this. Allah says, 'And the mosques are for Allah (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allah.' [Soorah al-Jinn (72): 18] And your Lord said, 'Invoke Me, I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!' [Soorah Ghafir (40): 60] 'Say: 'It is not in my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to the Right Path.' [Soorah al-Jinn (72): 21] The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) denounced a man who said, 'Whatever Allah and you will.' The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Are you making me a rival with Allah? (Say;) What Allah alone Wills.' [Ibn Majah (2118)] So what about one who calls upon the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to relieve his distress and to bring him benefits, when he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) is the one to whom Allah says, 'Say (O Muhammad), 'I possess no power over benefit or harm except as Allah wills.' [Soorah al-A'raf (7): 188]

So, the believer should put his hopes in his Creator, Who has the power to fulfill his hopes and relieve him of his fears, and he should acknowledge the rights of His Prophet; (they are) to be believed in, loved and followed , both outwardly and inwardly. He should ask Allah to make him steadfast in that, and not seek to worship Allah in any way other than that which He has prescribed.' [end quote]

At-Tabaranee narrates, 'During the days of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), there was a hypocrite who used to harm the believers, some of them said, ‘Come with us while we appeal to Allah's Messenger for assistance, against the hypocrite.' The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) replied, 'Verily, no one should seek to me for assistance. Indeed, it is Allah, Who is to be sought for assistance and help.' And he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) also said , 'If you ask in prayer, ask only Allah, and if you seek help, seek it only from Allah.' [Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhee (vol. 2, no. 2043)]

*5: Two Condition of the Accepted Action
Allah says, 'Whosoever hopes for the meeting with His Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of His Lord.' [Soorah al-Kahf (18): 110] Al-Hafidh Ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) writes in the Tafseer of this verse, 'These are the two pillars of the accepted action. It is necessary that the action is (performed) sincerely for Allah and also correct upon the Sharee'ah (i.e. the way) of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam). 'And who is better in religion than the one who submits his face to Allah and is a doer of good?' [Soorah Nisaa (4): 125]' [end quote]
Quantity of deeds do not ensure its acceptance with Allah; rather fulfilling the conditions laid down by Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) guarantee its acceptance. Thus, the two conditions for any deed to be accepted by Allah are; Ikhlas - Sincerity and Ittiba - Performing the deed according to the way of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam).

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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