Ibn Taymiyyah's comprehensive knowledge and the strength of his
argument, won him the respect of the scholars and the common folk alike.
Whenever he gave a lecture, delivered a sermon, gave a legal ruling, wrote a
letter or authored a book in any field, he would produce a level of knowledge
that far excelled the other scholars of his time. This is why Ibn Taymiyyah
became a reference point among the people, and many of his writings are in fact,
responses to people's questions from far and near.
Al-Aqeedah al-Wasitiyyah was a response to Qadi Radiuddin al-Wasiti ash-Shafiee,
who asked the Shaikh to write down the Aqeedah that would be best for him and
his family. [Majmoo al-Fatawa Shaikhul-Islam (3/129)]
Ar-Risaalah al-Hamawiyyah was for the people of Hamat. [Majmoo al-Fatawa
As-Safdiyyah was a reply to a letter from the city of Safad in Palestine
Al-Marakishiyyah to the people of Morocco and
Al-Balbakiyah to the people of Balbak.
The love and respect, which Shaikhul-Islam received from the people was due to
his efforts towards that which was advantageous for the people. Ibn Rajab said,
'The scholars and righteous, soldiers and rulers, business men and the common
masses loved him because he exerted efforts night and day with his tongue and
actions for their benefit.' [Shadharat adh-Dhaha, (6/47)]
Amongst his notable accomplishments in this regard was his saving the people of
Damascus from the imminent attack of the Tatars, whose trait was to unleash a
reign of massacres and destruction on the city they captured, without any
constraint towards the killing of women, children or the elderly.
At times, Ibn Taymiyyah had good relations with the rulers and he exhorted them
towards establishing the good in the society and forbidding the evil. An example
of this is when bribery became widespread and an influencing factor in holding
offices and even in abolishing capital punishment in the year 712H. An official
decree was sent to Damascus, from the Sultan, citing that no one should be
granted a post through money or bribery and that the killer is to be punished by
the law of the Sharee'ah; this decree emanated through advice and consultation
of Ibn Taymiyyah. [See, al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah (14/66)]