As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 9


The Argument that the celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi is out of love for the Prophet

The Argument that the celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi is out of love for the Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) and expressing one's love for him (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is permissible.
No doubt that loving the Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is Wajib (obligatory) upon every Muslim; to love him more than one's self, father, child and all mankind but, it does not mean that we innovate (on its pretense) something which he did not order us with. Rather, his love demands his obedience and following, and this is the greatest expression of love for him (6) as it is said,
'If your love was true then you would have obeyed him, the lover is obedient to his beloved.'
So, the love of Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is in reviving his Sunnah, biting on it with one's molar teeth, to be on its side and not contradict it whether in action or statement. Verily, everything that contradicts the Sunnah is a rejected Bidah and a clear evil and from it is the celebration of Mawlid and other innovations. Good intention (alone) does not legalize innovation in the religion for, the religion stands upon two fundamentals; Ikhlas (sincerity) and Ittiba (obedience), Allah says, 'Yes, but whoever submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism) and he is a Muhsin (good-doer i.e. performs good deeds in accordance with the Sunnah of Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam).) then his reward is with his Lord, on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.' [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 112] So, submitting one's face is Ikhlas, and Ihsan is obedience to Allah's Messenger.

The claim that in remembering his (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) birth and reading his Seerah at this occasion is a motivation to his obedience
Reply: Verily, reading the Seerah of the Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is always required from every Muslim all year round and throughout his life but assigning this act for a specific day without proof constitutes to a Bidah, 'And every Bidah is misguidance.' (7)[Musnad Ahmad] Bidah does not yield except evil and distance from the Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam).

Summary: The celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi in all its different forms is a rejected Bidah which the Muslims are required to refrain from and warn others from it. (The Muslims should) engage in reviving the Sunnah and holding firmly to it, and not support and defend those who spread this Bidah, because this action would be reviving Bidah more than reviving the Sunnah or may be that they are not concerned with the Sunnah in the first place. So, whoever possesses such traits should not be followed even if such people are the majority and those who follow the Sunnah are few because the truth is not known by men, but the men are known by the truth.
Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Whoever amongst you lives (for a long time) will see many differences. I urge you to follow my Sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided khaleefahs who come after me. Hold on to it firmly. Beware of newly-invented matters, for every innovation is going astray.' [Musnad Ahmad (4/164) Tirmidhee (2676)] In this Hadeeth, Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) has explained to us whom we should follow at the time of difference, just like he explained that everything that contradicts the Sunnah whether in statement or action is a Bidah and every Bidah is misguidance.
If we analyze the celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi, we do not find any basis for it, neither in the Sunnah of Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) nor in the Sunnah of Khulafa ar-Rashideen (the Rightly Guided Caliphs), so it is from the newly invented matters of misguided Bidah. Based on this reason, the following verse is suitable in this regard, 'if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (r), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.' [(4): 59]
Returning to Allah is going back to His Book and returning to the Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is referring to his Sunnah after his death. So, the Book and the Sunnah are the authority at the time of conflict and differing. So, where in the Book and the Sunnah is a reference to the permissibility of celebrating Mawlid an-Nabawi? Thus, it is required from him, who does such an action or considers it good, - to repent to Allah from it and other innovations. This is from the characteristics of a Mu'min that he seeks the truth, and whosoever is stubborn and proud after the Hujjah (proof) has been established then his reckoning is with His Lord.
We ask Allah to bestow us with strong following of His Book and the Sunnah of His Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) until we meet Him and may He send peace and blessing upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions.

References (mentioned by the Shaikh): The Noble Qur'aan, Saheeh al-Bukharee, Saheeh Muslim, al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah, Musnad Ahmad, Sunan Tirmidhee, Sunan Abu Dawoodm Jamee as-Sagheer as-Suyuti, Sunan Nisaee, Silsilah as-Saheehah al-Albanee, Fath al-Baree lil-Ibn Hajr, Wafyat al-A'yaan li-Ibn Khalqan, Iqtida as-Siraat al-Mustaqeem li-Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyah.

Translators Notes:

(6) Say (O Muhammad to mankind), 'If you (really) love Allah, then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’aan and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.' [Soorah aal-Imran (3): 31]

(7) Similarly, ‘Sending Salaat upon the Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is among the most preferred and virtuous deeds in accordance with the saying of Allah, 'Allah sends His Salaat (Graces, Honors, Blessings, Mercy, etc.) on the Prophet (Muhammad) and also His angels too (ask Allah to bless and forgive him). O you who Believe! Send you Salaat on (ask Allah to bless) him (Muhammad, (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam).), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic way of greeting.' [Soorah al-Ahzab (33): 56]
The Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Whosoever sends blessings on me one time, Allah sends blessings on him ten times.' Thus, sending blessings on Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is prescribed at all times, particularly at the end of each prayer. It is held obligatory at the last Tashahhud of each prayer by most of the scholars. It is strongly required at a number of occasions such as immediately after Adhaan (call for prayer), at the mention of the name of the Prophet, during the day of Friday and the night preceding it according to many Ahadeeth.' [From Hukhmul-Ahtafal bil-Mawlid by Shaikh Abdul Aziz ibn Baz ]

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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