The opponent: al-Hamdulillah.
Shaikh al-Albanee: Jazak Allah
One more thing, there are numerous verses and Ahadeeth, which explain that Islam
has been completed/perfected. And I believe you are well-aware of this and
firmly believe in it; an Alim (scholar) and a common man both know this truth
that Islam is complete and it is not like the religion of the Jews and
Christians in which there is alteration and modification every day. And I remind
you of the Saying of Allah, ‘This day I have perfected your religion for you,
completed my Favor upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.’
[Soorah al-Maidah (5):3]
So here comes the question and this is another way to prove that the celebration
of Mawlid is not Khayr different from the previous point in which we established
and agreed that if Mawlid was Khayr then it would have surely been performed by
those who have passed before us i.e., the Salaf as-Salih - those who were more
knowledgeable and righteous.
If the celebration of Mawlid was Khayr then it would have been from Islam.
So, are we all; those who approve of the celebration of Mawlid and those who
disapprove of it - agreed upon like our agreement before that the celebration of
Mawlid was non-existent during the time of Allah's Messenger?
Are we agreed upon now that if the celebration of Mawlid was Khayr then it would
have been from Islam and if it was not Khayr then it is not from Islam?
The day when the following verse, ‘This day I have perfected your religion for
you, completed my Favor upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your
religion.’ [Soorah al-Maidah (5):3] when this verse was revealed, there was no
celebration of Mawlid. So do you think the Deen would have been complete
(without this celebration of Tawheed)?
Please be frank with me, do not think of me as those scholars who quite their
students and common people saying, 'Be quite, you do not know and you don't
No, use your freedom to speak as if you were speaking to a person of your age
and knowledge. If you are not convinced say, 'I am not convinced.'
So, if the celebration of Mawlid was Khayr then it would have been from Islam,
and if it was not Khayr then it would not have been from Islam and we are agreed
upon that Mawlid was non-existent when this verse was revealed.
I base my argument upon the saying of Malik Ibn Anas, who said, 'He, who
innovates in the religion of Islam a Bidah - notice that he says one Bidah and
not many Bidah - and he considers it to be Khayr then he has maligned the
Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) that he betrayed
(i.e., did not completely convey) the Message.'
This is a dangerous matter. What is the proof, O Imam?
Imam Malik said, 'Read if you wish, ‘This day I have perfected your religion for
you, completed my Favor upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your
religion.’ [Soorah al-Maidah (5):3]
So, something that was not from the Deen that day, is not from the Deen today.'
When did Imam Malik make this statement?
In the second century after Hijrah, one of the generations that was promised
So, how about the fourteenth century?!
This statement should be written with letters of gold. But we are ignorant of
the Book of Allah and the Ahadeeth of Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi
wa-sallam), and from the saying of the scholars whom we claim to follow, between
their example and ours is a distance equal to the distance between east and
Imam Malik speaks in clear Arabic, 'something that was not from the Deen that
day, is not from the Deen today'
If it was not so then there would have been no controversy or dispute among the
scholars who adhere to the Sunnah and those who defend the Bidah.
So, how can this be from the Deen, when it was not so during the time of Allah's
Messenger, the Sahabah, the Taba'een and their followers?!
Imam Malik was from the followers of the Taba'een and was included in the
Hadeeth, ‘The best of my ummah is my generation, then those who come after them,
then those who come after them.' [Agreed upon]
Imam Malik said, 'The affairs of the later part of this ummah can never be
corrected except with that which corrected the affairs of the early generations
of this Ummah.'
With what were the first part of the Ummah corrected?
By innovating in the religion and (seeking to) achieve closeness to Allah with
that which Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) did not prescribed??!
Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'There is nothing that
will take you closer to Paradise but that I have enjoined it upon you, and there
is nothing that will take you closer to Hell but that I have warned you from
it.' [Musnad ash-Shafa'ee]
Why did Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) did not order us with
the celebration of Mawlid?
This is a question and it has an answer,
(because) There exists a legislated celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi in contrast
to the unlegislated celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi.
The legislated celebration existed during the time of Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu
alaihi wa-sallam) in contrast to the unlegislated one.
There are two big differences between these two celebrations;
1) The legislated celebration is a form of worship and is agreed upon by all the
Muslims (in contrast to the unlegislated one, which is neither legislated nor a
worship and is not agreed upon by all Muslims)
2) The legislated celebration comes once every week and their celebration of
Mawlid comes once a year.
I do not say this without a proof, I will relate to you a Hadeeth from Saheeh
Abi Qatadah al-Ansaree related, ‘There came a man to Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu
alaihi wa-sallam) and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, why do you fast on Mondays?’
He (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) replied, ‘That is the day on which I was born
and the day on which I was entrusted with the Mission or when I was first given
Revelation.' [Saheeh Muslim]
What is the meaning of this statement?
As if he (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is saying, why do you ask me this while
on this day Allah gave me life and revealed the Qur'aan upon me?! Which means
that it is required to fast on Mondays as a gratitude to Allah for His creating
me and revelation of the Wahy on this day.
And this is similar to the fast of Aashoorah, know that the fast of Aashoorah
was made obligatory upon every Muslim before the month of Ramadaan.
It has been related in the Ahadeeth that when Allah's Messenger migrated to
al-Medina, he found the Jews fasting the day of Aashoorah and inquired about it.
They replied saying this is the day when Allah saved Moosa and his people from
Fir'awn and his army. So we fast on this day in thankfulness to Him. Allah's
Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'We have more right upon him than
you.' So, he fasted and ordered fasting on this day and it was made obligatory
until Allah revealed this verse, ‘The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the
Qur'aan, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and criterion
(between right and wrong).' [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 185]
And the obligation of fasting on the day of Aashoorah was abrogated and it
became a Sunnah.
It is evident from this that Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam)
participated with the Jews in their fasting on the day of Aashoorah in
thankfulness to Allah for saving Moosa from Fir'awn. So, even for us the door of
Shukr (thankfulness) has been opened in the form of fasting on Mondays because
it is the day when Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) was born and
on this day the Wahy (revelation) came down upon him.
Now I ask, 'These people who celebrate Mawlid, do they fast on Mondays?'
No, they do not fast on Mondays. But most of the people celebrate Mawlid
an-Nabawi every year! Is this not altering the facts?
For these people, the following verse is true with regards to Jews (alone),
‘Would you exchange that which is better for that which is lower?’ [(2): 61]
This is Khayr; the fast which is agreed upon by all the Muslims, and it is the
fast on Mondays while majority of the Muslims do not fast this day!!
There are a very few people who fast on these days. So, do they know the reason
behind this fast? No, they don't.
So, where are the scholars who defend Mawlid, why don't they enlighten the
people that fasting on Monday is the legislated celebration of Mawlid (i.e.,
birthday of Allah's Messenger)? And why don't they encourage the people to it
instead of defending the unlegislated celebration?
Allah truly Says, ‘Would you exchange that which is better for that which is
lower?’ [(2): 61]
And the Messenger truly said, 'They will follow the ways of those who came
before them, handspan by handspan, cubit by cubit, until even if they entered a
lizard's hole they will follow them.’ We said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, (do you
mean) the Jews and Christians?’ He said, ‘Who else?’ [Agreed upon]
So, we have followed in the footsteps of the Jews, they chose that which was
less over that which was Khayr, like we have chosen the celebration of Mawlid
an-Nabawi that comes once a year and is baseless - over the Khayr i.e.,
celebration (of Mawlid an-Nabawi) every Monday. This is a legislated practice
that you fast while keeping in mind the motive behind it which is being thankful
to Allah for His creation of Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) on
this day and revelation of Wahy…
The opponent: Isn't reading
the Seerah (biography) of Allah's Messenger an act of honoring him?
Shaikh al-Albanee: Yes
The opponent: In it is reward
- this is Khayr from Allah.
Shaikh al-Albanee: All of it
is Khayr, there is no benefit (for your stance) in this question so I interrupt
you with a question, 'Does anybody stop you from reading his (sallalalhu alaihi
Let me ask you a question, ‘If there was a legislated worship, but Allah's
Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) did not assign a specific time or
specific manner for it. Is it allowed for us to set a specific time and manner
for it from ourselves? Do you have an answer?’
The opponent: No, I don't have
Shaikh al-Albanee: Allah says,
'Or have they partners with Allah, who have instituted for them a religion which
Allah has not allowed.' [Soorah Shurah (42): 21]
Similarly, Allah says, They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their
monks to be their lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made
lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by
Allah), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam, while they
(Jews and Christians) were commanded [in the Taurah and the Injeel) to worship
none but One Ilah (Allah) La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshiped
but He). Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners
they associate (with Him).' [Soorah Tawbah (9): 31]
Narrated Adee Ibn Hatim t that he heard the Prophet of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi
wa-sallam) reciting the verse: (above verse), he (Hatim) said 'We didn't worship
them.’ The Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam), ‘Did they not make
Haraam what Allah made Halaal and you all made it Haraam, and they made Halaal
what Allah made Haraam and you all made it Haraam?’ He replied, ‘Certainly.’ The
Prophet of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘That is your worship to
them.’ [at-Tirmidhee, vol. 3, p. 56. no. 247]
This shows the danger of innovating in the Deen of Allah.
cassette no 1/94 of the series al-Huda wan-Nur
Translated by Shawana A. Aziz
Arabic text can be found on www.binbaz.org