Category 2: Tawheed al-Uluhiyah
Chapter 5: Misunderstandings in defining al-Ibadah
Ibadah is Tawqeefiyah: Meaning nothing can be legislated
concerning it except with a proof from the Book and the Sunnah and that which is
not legislated by Allah is considered a rejected innovation as the Messenger of
Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Whoever performs an action that is not ordered by us is
rejected.' [Agreed upon] meaning the action is rejected and not accepted, rather
it is written as a sin because it is disobedience and not obedience. The correct
Manhaj of performing the legislated worships is moderation between being easy
and lazy and harshness and extremism. Allah says to His Messenger, 'So stand you
firm and straight as you are commanded and those (your companions) who turn in
repentance (unto Allah) with you, and transgress not (Allah's legal limits).'
[Soorah Hud (11): 112]
In this noble verse, the correct Manhaj to perform worship has been mentioned,
which is to adhere to moderation, without negligence or extremism, according to
the legislation, 'as you are commanded.' Then he reinforced this by His Saying,
'and transgress not (Allah's legal limits).' Transgression is to go beyond
bounds due to harshness and stubbornness and this is exaggeration. When the
Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) found out that three Companions, who considered their deeds
insignificant, such that one of them said, I will fast and not break my fast.
And another said, I will pray and not sleep. And the third said, I will not
marry women. The Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, As for me then I fast and break my fast and I
marry women, so whoever turns away from my Sunnah is not from me. [Agreed upon]
There are two differing groups of people regarding the issue of beliefs:
The first group fell short in their understanding of Ibadah and became
lenient in performing it until they cancelled out many forms of worship, and
reduced the meaning of worship to certain actions, and some rituals that are
performed in the mosques. According to them worship does not stretch over the
house, office, workshop, streets, neither in their dealings, politics, in
seeking judgment to their dispute, nor in any other aspect of life.
Yes, the mosque has a virtue, and it is obligatory to perform five daily prayers
in it, but worship envelopes all aspects of a Muslim's life - inside the mosque
and outside it.
The second group overstressed in implementing worship to the extent of
exaggeration; they raised the Mustahabb (recommended) actions to the level of
Wajib (obligatory), and prohibited some Mubah (permissible actions), and
declared deviant and mistaken those people, who disagreed with their Manhaj
(way) and proved their understanding to be incorrect.
And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) and the worst of affairs are
the newly invented matters.