As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 10

 

The Prophets are Masoom (free from errors) with regards to conveying the Message

In this issue translated fatawa of
Shaikh Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah ibn Baz (rahimahullah),
Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saleh al-Uthaimeen (rahimahullah) &
Shaikh Saleh ibn Fawzan al-Fawzan (hafidhahullah)
Translated by Shawana A. Aziz

The Prophets are Masoom (free from errors) with regards to conveying the Message
Question: I heard a scholar say that Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) was prone to mistakes, is this true? I have also heard the saying of Imam Malik , 'Take and leave the words of all men, except the one in this grave,' pointing towards the grave of Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam).

Answer by Shaikh Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah ibn Baz (rahimahullah), 'The Muslims have unanimously agreed that the Prophets (alaihimus-salaam) along with the seal of the Prophets i.e., Prophet Muhammad (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) are Masoom, i.e., free from committing any mistakes with regards to conveying the Orders of Allah as Allah says, 'By the star when it goes down, (or vanishes). Your companion (Muhammad) has neither gone astray nor has erred. Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only an Inspiration that is inspired...' [(53): 1-5] So, our Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) is free from errors in everything he conveyed from Allah whether through his speech, action and orders. There is no disagreement among the scholars concerning this.
Majority of the scholars also agree that he is Masoom from committing any major sins, whereas minor sins were committed by him but he did not stick to them - he was notified about them (by Allah) and he abandoned them.
Concerning the worldly affairs, he made mistakes and was later informed about them like when the Messenger of Allah (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) passed by a group of people near the date-palm trees. He (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) asked, 'What are these people doing?' They replied, 'They are grafting, i.e. they combine the male with the female (tree) and thus they yield more fruit.' Thereupon, Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'I do not find it to be of any use.’ The people were informed about it and they abandoned this practice. Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) (was later) on informed (that the yield had dwindled), whereupon he said, ‘If there is any use of it, then they should do it, for it was just a personal opinion of mine, and do not go after my personal opinion; but when I say to you anything on behalf of Allah, then do accept it, for I do not attribute lie to Allah, the Exalted and Glorious.’ [Saheeh Muslim (5830)] So, Allah's Messenger explained that the people are more knowledgeable about their worldly affairs; grafting, planting, sowing and reaping. However, concerning what the Prophet (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) has informed us about Allah, then he is Masoom regarding it. (So, the saying that) Allah's Messenger (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) erred (without any clause) is false because there are details in this issue as we have mentioned above. Concerning the statement of Imam Malik, 'Take and leave the words of all men, except the one in this grave' is correct and accepted by the scholars, and Malik (rahimahullah) is among the best scholars of the Muslims… Every scholar can be criticized, except Allah's Messenger because he (sallalalhu alaihi wa-sallam) does not speak except the truth, so there is no criticism on him, his words are all true in what he conveys about Allah either by way of informing us, acting upon it, ordering about it, or calling towards it…' [Majmoo Fatawa wa-Maqalat Mutanawwi'ah (part 7)]


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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