As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 2

 

Standing for long hours near the grave of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam)

Words of Shaikh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baz (rahimahullah)                                       

Standing for long hours near the grave of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and increasing in repetition of salaam leads to crowd, chaos and raising voices near the grave of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and contradicts what Allah has legislated for the Muslims in the above mentioned Muhkam (verse of the Qur'aan that is clear in its meaning and not open to interpretation.) verses. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) was an esteemed personality in his life and is an esteemed personality after his death, therefore, it is not allowed for the believers to do anything near his grave that is against the etiquettes of the Shareeah. As for what some visitors and non-visitors do near the Prophet’s (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) grave, such as raising one’s hands when they make duaa and facing the grave is against what the salafus-salih from the companions of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and their righteous followers were upon. It is from the newly invented matters and Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘Hold fast to my sunnah and the sunnah of my rightly guided caliphs – cling to that with your molar teeth. Beware of the newly invented matters, for every newly invented matter is innovation (bidah). And every innovation (bidah) is misguidance.’ [(hasan) Abu Dawood an-Nisaee] And the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘Whoever innovates in this religion of ours, whatever is not of it, is rejected.’ [Agreed upon] And in a narration of Muslim is, ‘Whoever does an action, which we have not commanded then it must be rejected.’

Ali Ibn Husain (Zainul-Aabideen) saw a man supplicating near the grave of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam). He forbade him (the man) from it and said, ‘should I not relate to you what I heard from my father (and he) from my grandfather (and he) from Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), ‘Do not take my grave as a place of worship and invoke blessings upon me wherever you are, for your blessings will reach me.’ [Saheeh Abu Dawood (1796)]*12
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Translator's Notes                
The meaning of Taking Graves as Mosques or Places of Worship
The Messenger of Allah said, ‘May Allah’s curse be upon the Jews and Christians for taking the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.’ [Agreed upon] Masaajid (pl. of masjid) are places assigned for the worship of Allah. To specify graves as places where righteous actions are done, constitutes taking them as masaajid. To assign particular tombs, so that the people who visit them seek intercession from the engraved, or they prostrate to the graves and seek blessings from them – is not taking graves as masjids but rather it is taking them as idols. Mosques are places where Allah is invoked and worshiped Alone. ‘And the mosques are for Allah (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allah.’ [Soorah al-Jinn (72): 18] Taking graves as mosques is to do actions that are done in mosques at the graves. The people who do not understand the meaning of the prohibition to take graves as places of worship, often fall into many haraam actions. While they find it wrong to prostrate to the engraved, they find it permissible to perform salaah to Allah at these graves. They understand that one should not make duaa to the engraved, but find it acceptable to make duaa for themselves at these graves for they believe that the graves of the pious are virtuous places where duaa is more likely to be accepted. They even believe it more rewarding to perform other righteous actions like charity at the graves. All of this constitutes specifying the graves for worship and Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘...Beware! those before you took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship. Do not take graves as places of worship, for verily I forbid you to do so.’ [Saheeh Muslim ] Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) also said, ‘The most evil of mankind are those who will be alive when the Last Day arrives and those who take graves as places of worship.’ [Musnad Ahmad]

a) Formal prayer near the graves is forbidden. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘All the earth is a masjid (place of worship) except graveyards and toilets.’ [Saheeh Sunan Abu Dawood]

b) Reciting the Qur’aan near the graves is forbidden. Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘Do not make your houses graveyards, for verily Shaytan flees from the house, in which Soorah al-Baqarah is read.’ [Saheeh Muslim] Thus implying that the Qur’aan is to be recited in homes, for not doing so would make them like graveyards, where the Qur’aan is not to be recited.

c) Sacrifice near the graves is forbidden. ‘There is no slaughtering (at the graves) in Islam.’ [Sunan Abu Dawood no.3216]

Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) explained the wisdom behind the prohibition of taking graves as places of worship saying, ‘The companions of the Prophet knew that Allah had exterminated the very root of polytheism by forbidding the graves to be taken as places of worship. Similarly, Allah has forbidden prayer at the time of sunrise, even though the observer of the prayer might be praying with sincerity, lest they should resemble the worshipers of the sun. The companions never indulged in this sinful act.’ [Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in Kitaab al-Waseelah, p.239]


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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