As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 10

 

Shaytan has no power to force us into commiting sins

Shaytan has no power over the believers, but he is able to gain control over those who accept his ideas and who follow him willingly. Allah said to Iblees when he avowed to mislead the children of Adam, 'Certainly, you shall have no authority over My slaves, except those who follow you of the Ghaawoon (Mushrikoon and those who go astray, criminals, polytheists, and evildoers).' [Soorah al-Hijr (15): 39-42] and it is mentioned in Soorah an-Nahl (16): 99-100, 'Verily! He (Shaytan) has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (Allah). His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Shaytan), and those who join partners with Him (Allah).'

Shaytan can, thus do no more than call people to misguidance and make it look attractive to them. He has no power over them to force them into doing what he wants. People who respond to his call do so because it suits their whims and desires. So blame is attached only to those who respond to him. Allah says, '(on the Day of Resurrection) His Qareen (jinn companion) will say, 'Our Lord! I did not push him to transgression, (in disbelief, oppression, and evil deeds), but he was himself in error far astray.' Allah will say, 'Dispute not in front of Me, I had already in advance sent you the threat. The Sentence that comes from Me cannot be changed, and I am not unjust to the slaves.' [Soorah al-Qaaf (50): 27-29]

Ibn Katheer said, 'His companion (qareen) will say' Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anhu), Mujahid, Qatadah and others said, 'this refers to the Shaytan who is appointed to accompany him. 'Our Lord! I did not push him to transgression' means, he will disown that person on the Day of Judgment, and will say, 'Our Lord! I did not push him to transgression' meaning, I did not lead him astray. 'but he was himself in error far astray' means, he was misguided in himself, receptive to falsehood and resistant to the truth as Allah says elsewhere, 'And Shaytan will say when the matter has been decided, 'Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your past acts of associating me as a partner with Allah (i.e., Shirk by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers).' [Soorah Ibraheem (14): 22]

The phrase 'Dispute not in front of Me' refers to what Allah will say to the human and his companion from among the jinn, when they dispute before Him, and the human says, 'O Lord, this one led me astray from the Reminder after it had come to me' and the devil will say, 'Our Lord! I did not push him to transgression, (in disbelief, oppression, and evil deeds), but he was himself in error far astray' i.e., from the path of truth. Allah will say, 'Dispute not in front of Me' meaning, in My presence. I had already in advance sent you the threat' means, I sent the warning on the lips of the Messengers, and I sent down the Books, so proof and evidence was established against you. 'The Sentence that comes from Me cannot be changed' Mujahid said, this means I have passed My judgment. 'and I am not unjust to the slaves' means, I do not punish anyone for the sin of another, and I only punish a person for his sin after proof has been established against him.' [Tafseer Ibn Katheer (4/227)]


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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