As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 2


Incorrect ways of sending the salaam on the Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wasallam)

Words of Shaikh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baz (rahimahullah)                                       

The practice of some visitors, while sending blessing upon the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), of placing the right hand on the left hand above the chest or below it, similar to the manners of prayer, is neither permissible during the salam (sending blessings) upon the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) nor while sending blessings upon anybody else from the kings, leaders or other than them. This is an aspect of humbleness, submission and worship, which is the Right of Allah alone, as Hafiz Ibn Hajr (rahimahullah) narrates from the scholars in Fath (i.e. Fath al-Baree Sharh Saheeh al-Bukharee) and the matter becomes manifest to whomsoever reflects on the issue with the intent of following the guidance of the salafus-salih.

As for him who is besieged by ta’assub (prejudice), desires, taqleed a’mma (blind-following) and bad opinion of the callers to the way of the salafus-salih, then his matter is with Allah. We ask Allah to grant us and him guidance and Tawfeeq to give precedence to the truth upon everything else.

Also standing far apart from the grave and just facing the grave and moving lips to send Salaam or make duaa is also from the same category of newly invented matters and it is not allowed for a Muslim to invent in his religion what is not legislated by Allah. By this (i.e., inventing bidah) a person gets closer to vanity (uselessness). Imam Malik (rahimahullah) said rejecting this action and the likes of it, ‘The latter part of this Ummah will not be corrected except with that which corrected its first part.’
It is known that what corrected the first of this Ummah is following the Manhaj (way) of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam), his khulafa ar-rashideen (the rightly guided caliphs) y, his sahabah (radhi allahu anhu) and those who followed them in righteousness and nothing will correct the later of the Ummah except holding fast to it (the Manhaj) and following it. May Allah grant the Muslims that which has their success, happiness and honor in this life and the Hereafter. Verily, He is the Most Generous and Most Bountiful.
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Translator's Notes                
Sending (greetings of) salaam with the visitors to Medina is a Bidah (innovation)
The practice of sending the greetings of salaam through the visitors to Medina , who then stand near the grave of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and convey them, is an innovation (bidah). Moreover, there is no need for it, for Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, '…invoke blessings upon me wherever you are, for your blessings will reach me.' [Saheeh Abu Dawood (1796)] And he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) also said, 'Allah has angels, who travel around the earth. They convey to me the peace greetings (salaam) from my Ummah.' [(Hasan) See, Saheeh Sunan an-Nisaee]

This Hadeeth is Daeef (weak)
'Whoever asks blessings for me at my grave, I hear him, and whoever asks blessings upon me from afar, it is conveyed to me.’ This is a daeef (weak) Hadeeth, for details see Silsilatil-Ahadeeth ad-Daee'fah by Shaikh al-Albanee (no.203).

The direct hearing of Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to the greetings of salaam or to anything else after his death is not proven. What is established however, is that the angels convey the greetings of salaam to him. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Allah has angels, who travel about the earth. They convey to me the peace greetings (salaam) from my Ummah.' [Sunan an-Nisaee, Sunan ad-Darimi and Musnad Imam Ahmad. See Saheeh Sunan an-Nisaee vol.1, no.1215. This Hadeeth is hasan according to Shaikh al-Albanee]

This hadeeth indicates that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) does not independently hear the salaam of the Muslims. The angels deliver the greetings to him. It also becomes certain that he cannot hear other forms of conversations directed at him either. Thus, the attempt to converse with the Messenger or ask him anything is absolutely baseless and has no precedence from the sahabah, who understood the religion best.

Finally, the narration of Abdullah Ibn Hussain, the grandson of Alee (radhi allahu anhu), puts a decisive conclusion to this issue. He said to a man, who frequently visited the grave of Allah’s Messenger, ‘O you person, Verily Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘Do not take my grave as a place of worship and invoke blessings upon me wherever you are, for your blessings will reach me.’ Thus, you and a person in Spain are equal.’ [This hadeeth is mentioned by Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in Kitab al-Waseelah (p.136) and al-Iqtidaa p.155-156]

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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