As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 11

 

Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifaat - Proofs from the Qur'aan, the Sunnah

Part 7
Category 3: Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifaat
Chapter 1: Proofs from the Qur'aan, the Sunnah and Aql (intellect)
for the establishment of the Names and Attributes (of Allah)

1a. Proofs from the Qur'aan and the Sunnah
We have already mentioned that Tawheed is divided into three categories; Tawheed ar-Rububiyah, Tawheed al-Uluhiyah, and Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifaat. We have also cited a number of proofs for the first two categories. Now, we shall mention the proofs for the third category; Tawheed al-Asma was-Sifaat.

From the proof of the Qur'aan are: 'And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.' [Soorah al-Aa'raf (7): 180]

In this verse, Allah has affirmed Names for Himself, and informed us that they are Husna (Most Beautiful). He has commanded us to call upon Him by saying, 'O Allah, O Rahman, O Raheem (the Most Merciful), O Hayy (the Living), O Qayyum (the Eternal), O Rabb al-Alameen (Lord of the two Worlds).’ He has warned those who deny His Names, in that they are deviated from the truth because of it, either by denying the Names for Allah, or misinterpreting them by changing their correct meaning, or by other type of denial. He has promised to recompense them for their evil deeds.

Allah says, 'Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! To Him belong the Best Names.' [Soorah Taa Haa (20): 8]

'He is Allah, none has the right to be worshipped but He, the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. He is Allah, none has the right to be worshipped but He, the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.' [Soorah Al-Hashr (59): 22-24]
These verses are a proof for the Names of Allah.

1b. Proofs from the Sunnah
Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) narrated, 'Allah has ninety-nine Names. Whoever believes in their meanings and acts accordingly will enter Paradise…' [Saheeh al-Bukharee (8/no.419) and Saheeh Muslim]

The Names of Allah are not limited to this number and the proof of it is what has been reported by Abdullah Ibn Masood (radhi allahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'I ask you by every Name which You have Named Yourself with or revealed in Your Book or taught any of Your creation or kept with Yourself in the knowledge of the unseen with You, that you make the Glorious Qur'aan the life of my heart.' [Musnad Ahmad and Ibn Hibban graded it saheeh]

Every Name of Allah contains an Attribute of Him, Al-Aleem (All-Knowing) denotes Knowledge, al-Hakeem (the All-Wise) denotes Wisdom, as-Samee al-Baseer (All-Seeing, All-Hearing) denotes Sight and Hearing. Similarly, all Names denote an Attribute from the Attributes of Allah. Allah says, 'Say, 'He is Allah, (the) One. Allah-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need). He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.' [Soorah al-Ikhlas (112): 1-4]

From Anas (radhi allahu anhu), 'One of the Ansaar used to lead the Salaat in Masjid al-Quba. Every time he recited a verse, he would begin with, 'Say, He is Allah, the One and Only…' [Soorah al-Ikhlas] until its end, and then recited another Soorah with it, and he would do this in every Rak'ah. The people spoke to him concerning this, 'You begin with this Soorah and then you do not regard it enough until you recited another one. You should either recite it (only) or leave it and recite another one.' He said, 'I will not leave it, if you do not like it, I shall leave you.' They knew he was one of the best, and they did not like to be led by anyone else, so when the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) came to them, they informed him. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'O so and so, what stops you from doing what people ask you to? What makes you recite this Soorah in every Rak'ah?' He said, 'I love this Soorah.' He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Your love for it will enter you into Paradise.' [Saheeh al-Bukharee]

And Aishah (radhi allahu anha) narrated that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) sent a man to a group of people and he used to recite to his companions during the Salaat. He would end with, 'Say, He is Allah, the One and Only.' So, when they returned, they mentioned this to the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) so he said, 'Ask him why he does such a thing.' So they asked him and he said, 'Because it is an Attribute of the Most Merciful and I love to recite it.' So, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'Inform him that Allah, the Most High, loves him.' Thus, Soorah Ikhlas comprises Attributes of Allah

Allah has informed us that He has a Face, He said, 'And the Face of your Lord - full of Majesty and Honor - will abide forever.' [Soorah ar-Rahman (55): 27]
And that He has two Hands, '(Allah) said, 'O Iblees (Shaytan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands?' [Soorah Saad (38): 75] 'Nay, both His Hands are widely outstretched.' [Soorah al-Maida (5): 64]

Allah becomes Pleased, Loves, gets Angry, Displeased as well as other Attributes of Allah which He has described Himself with or His Messenger has described Him with.


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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