As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 11


Shaytaan commands mankind to argue and make statements about Allah without Knowledge

Argumentation and making statements about Allah without knowledge is the primary reason behind the degradation and misery of Shaytan himself. He argued and dissented Allah's Absolute Wisdom saying, 'I am better than him [Adam], You created me from fire, and him You created from clay.' [Soorah al-A'raf (7): 12]
Imam Ibn Katheer writes, 'and this excuse (of Shaytan for disobeying Allah) is worse than the crime itself! Shaytan said that he did not obey Allah because he, who is better cannot prostrate to the one, who is less. Shaytan, may Allah curse him, meant that he is better than Adam, 'So how can You order me to prostrate before him' Shaytan said that he is better than Adam because he was created from fire while, 'You created him from clay, and fire is better.' The cursed one looked at the origin of creation not at the honor bestowed, i.e., Allah's creating Adam with His Hands and blowing life into him. Shaytan made a false comparison when confronted by Allah's command… He, thus, became 'Ablasa' from the mercy, meaning, lost hope in acquiring Allah's mercy. He committed this error due to his false comparison. His claim that fire is more honored than mud was also false, because mud has the qualities of wisdom, forbearance, patience and assurance, mud is where plants grow, flourish, increase and provide food. To the contrary, fire has the qualities of burning, recklessness and hastiness. Therefore, the origin of creation directed Shaytan to failure, while the origin of Adam led him to return to Allah with repentance, humbleness, obedience and submission to His command, admitting his error and seeking Allah's forgiveness and pardon for it.' [end quote from Tafseer Ibn Katheer for the verse, (7): 12]

Thus, just as he argued and made statements about Allah without knowledge, 'He (Shaytan) commands you only what is evil and Fahsha (sinful), and that you should say against Allah what you know not.' [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 169] 'And among mankind is he who disputes concerning Allah, without knowledge, and follows every rebellious (disobedient to Allah) Shaytan. For him (Shaytan) it is decreed that whosoever follows him, he will mislead him, and will drive him to the torment of the Fire.' [Soorah al-Hajj (22): 3-4]

Shaytan argued and opposed Allah's Wisdom out of pride. Allah says, 'He was proud and he was of the disbelievers.' [Soorah Saad (38): 74] and Allah says in Soorah Ghafir, 'Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to them,' meaning they try to refute the truth with falsehood, and to refute sound evidence with dubious arguments, having no proof or evidence from Allah. 'there is nothing else in their breasts except pride…So seek refuge in Allah.' from being like these people.' [See Tafseer Ibn Katheer (40): 56] because Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, 'He will not enter Paradise who has even a speck of pride in his heart.' [Saheeh Muslim]

Shaytan makes believers afraid of his allies so that they do not strive against them or enjoin what is good or forbid what is evil. So, how does he do that?
If a person wants to change an evil, he frightens him saying, this might bring you harm. If one wants to strive in the way of Allah, Shaytan magnifies and terrifies him with the huge number of the disbelievers and whispers to him that he might loose his life during the course. So, every time a person approaches any good, he makes him nervous that it would inflict some kind of harm either to his wealth, health, job, family or himself or other worldly matters. Whereas Allah says in the Qur'aan, 'It is only Shaytan that suggests to you the fear of his Awliya [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers)], so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers.' [Soorah aal-Imran (3): 175] The stronger a person's faith grows, the more the fear of the Shaytan allies is removed from his heart, and the weaker a persons faith is, the more he becomes afraid of them.

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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