As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 2

 

The prohibition of traveling to the grave of Allah's Messenger

Words of Shaikh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baz (rahimahullah)                                       

The Shareee’ah texts concerning (the prohibition) of traveling to the grave of Allah’s Messenger prevents it (the grave of Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to be taken as eid and taking (it to be a) place of the forbidden (actions) that Allah’s Messenger feared about; from exaggeration and undue praising like what many people have fallen into because they believe in the permissibility of traveling to the Prophet’s (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) grave.

As for those ahadeeth reported on this subject which are cited as evidence by those who claim that it is lawful to undertake a journey to his grave, their chains of narrators are weak, indeed they (the ahadeeth) are fabricated, as has been pointed out by scholars of hadeeth such as ad-Daraqutnee, al-Bayhaqee, al-Hafiz Ibn Hajr and others. It is not permissible to use them to contradict authentic ahadeeth that prove the prohibition of traveling to other than the three mosques. Hereunder, we have mentioned some of the fabricated ahadeeth on this issue, in order that you may know them and avoid being deceived by them:
[Fabricated hadeeth] 1. ‘Whoever performs Hajj and does not visit me, has shunned me.’
[Fabricated hadeeth] 2. ‘Whoever visited me after my death, it will be as if he visited me during my lifetime.’
[Fabricated hadeeth] 3. ‘Whoever visited me and visited my father Ibraheem u in the same year, Allah will guarantee him Paradise.’
[Fabricated hadeeth] 4. ‘Whoever visited my grave, must receive my intercession.’

None of these ahadeeth or any others like them are confirmed as emanating from the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam). Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr (rahimahullah) says in his book, ‘at-Takhlees al-Habeer’ after mentioning most of the weak ahadeeth (on the subject), ‘All isnads of these ahadeeth are weak.’
Hafiz Aqeeli says, ‘Nothing is truthful on this issue.’
Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) also concluded that all the ahadeeth (on this subject) are mawdoo (weak). And it is enough to mention this. *15

If anything from these ahadeeth was true, then the Sahabah (radhi allahu anhu) would have been the first to act upon them, (and they would have) informed and called the Ummah to it, because after the Prophet (alaihimus-salaam) they are the best of people, and are most knowledgeable about what Allah has legislated for his slaves and they are foremost in wishing good for the creatures of Allah. So, the fact that nothing has been reported from them to this effect proves that it is not legislated. If anything was true from it then it is wajib (obligatory) to understand it in light of the permissible ziyarah (visiting) which does not allow one to travels to the grave alone, so as to reconcile between the Ahadeeth. And Allah Knows best.

Visiting Quba Mosque
It is mustahabb (recommended) for the visitors to Medina to visit Quba mosque and pray in it because it is reported in Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim that Ibn Umar (radhi allahu anhu) reported that Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) would come to Quba mosque riding and on foot, and he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) would observe two rak'ahs of (nafl prayesallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) in it.’
Suhail Ibn Hanif (radhi allahu anhu) narrated, ‘The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘Whoever performs ablution from home and prays two rakahs in Quba mosque, he will have the reward of one Umrah.’ [(saheeh) an-Nisaee, Ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmad]
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Translator's Notes                

Masjid Quba was the first mosque built by the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) in Medina, when he arrived there as an emigrant. Allah mentioned masjid Quba in the Qur’aan in the following words, ‘Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to pray). In it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves.’ [Soorah at-Tawbah (9): 108]

15: Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah says, ‘All ahadeeth related to the visiting of the Prophet's grave are weak. None of them can be trusted in the matter of the Deen. This is why reporters of authentic hadeeth (like Imam Bukharee, Imam Muslim, and others) have not quoted any such hadeeth. Such hadeeth have only been reported by reporters of weak hadeeth like Dar Qutni, Bazzar, etc. [Kitab al-Waseelah (Eng. Trans.) P.130]


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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