As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 3


The Virtues of Spending on one's Family

Numerous Ahadeeth of Allah's Messenger discourage being tightfisted when spending on oneself or on one's family and mention the virtues of spending on one's wife and children. Anas (radhi allahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu aliahi wa-sallam) said, 'Allah will ask every responsible person (literally, shepherd) about those for whom he was responsible, whether he took care of them or not, and He will even ask a man about the members of his household.' [(Hasan) Saheeh al-Jamee (1774)]

Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) said, 'The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu aliahi wa-sallam) ordained charity and a man asked him, 'O Allah's Messenger, I have a dinar.' The Messenger (sallallahu aliahi wa-sallam) said, 'Spend it on yourself.' He said, 'I have another dinar.' The Prophet said, 'Spend it on your wife.' He said, 'I have another dinar.' The Prophet (sallallahu aliahi wa-sallam) replied, 'Give it in charity to your servant.' The man said, 'I have another dinar.' The Prophet (sallallahu aliahi wa-sallam) replied, 'You know better where to spend it.' And he (sallallahu aliahi wa-sallam) also said, 'the best dinar one spends is that he spends on his dependants.' [Saheeh Muslim]

In Saheeh al-Bukharee (1295) and Saheeh Muslim (1628) it is narrated from Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqaas (radhi allahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu aliahi wa-sallam) told him, 'You will never spend anything seeking the Face of Allah thereby, but you will be rewarded for it, even (the food) that you put in your wife's mouth. Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) said in al-Fath al-Baree (9/498), 'Spending on one's wife is obligatory according to consensus (Ijma), and Islam described it as charity lest people think that it is only a duty for which they will not be rewarded, for they already know the rewards for charity. Islam taught them that it will be counted as charity so that they will not give to others besides their wives until they (the wives) have enough, (such is) to encourage them to give obligatory charity before they give voluntary charity.'

Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter -


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