As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 4

 

To say, 'this wealth is the result of my labor and knowledge' is prohibited

'Man does not get tired of asking for good; but if an evil touches him, then he gives up all hope and is lost in despair. And truly, if We give him a taste of mercy from us, after some adversity (severe poverty or disease, etc.) has touched him, he is sure to say, 'This is for me (hadha li - due to my merit)' [Soorah Fussilat (41): 50]

Allah tells us that man never gets tired of asking his Lord for good, like wealth, physical health, etc. but if he is made to experience trials and difficulties of poverty, 'then he gives up all hope and is lost in despair' i.e. he thinks that he will never experience anything good again. 'And truly, if We give him a taste of mercy from us, after some adversity (severe poverty or disease, etc.) has touched him, he is sure to say: 'This is for me (hadha li - due to my merit)...' meaning if something good happens to him or some provision comes to him after a period of difficulty, he says, 'this is because of me, because I deserve this from my Lord.' Mujahid said, '(the Arabic word hadha li means) this is the result of my labor and I do deserve it.' So, when he is given some blessing, he becomes careless, arrogant and ungrateful, as Allah says, 'Nay, Verily, man does transgress. Because he considers himself self-sufficient.' [Soorah al-Alaq (96): 6] [See, Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

'this (i.e., to say, 'this wealth is the result of my labor and knowledge') means that he was deserving of that and that Allah did not favor him with this thing, or He favored him with it because he deserved this favoring. Two kinds of people are included in this description that has been mentioned in the verse, the person who attributes something to himself and he basically, does not attribute it to Allah. The second is the person who attributes something to himself from the aspect of deserving and that he sees himself as deserving that thing from Allah, as occurs with some of those who have been deceived. The action of the slave is a means and the means differ. It may be effective by the permission of Allah, and thus, the matter goes back to the fact that it is the bounty of Allah that He gives to whomever He wishes.' [Interpretation of Kitab at-Tawheed, by Shaikh Salih Ibn Abdul Aziz Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibraheem aali Shaikh]

'Qatadah said, 'Meaning due to knowledge that I possess of the different methods of earning. This happens to many people from those whom Allah has enriched and they have begun making tremendous business. Such a person attributes something to himself and says, 'I have knowledge of the different methods of earning.' And similar statements, or if he is given a position (job), he says, 'This is due to my efforts.'' [Interpretation of Kitab at-Tawheed, by Shaikh Salih Ibn Abdul Aziz Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ibraheem aali Shaikh]

Such was the case of Qaroon, who used to boast about his wealth saying, 'This has been given to me only because of the knowledge, I possess.' [Soorah al-Qasas (28): 78] Allah says, 'Did he not know that Allah had destroyed before him generations, men who were stronger than him in might and greater in the amount (of riches) they had collected? But the Mujrimoon (criminals, disbelievers, polytheist, sinners) will not be questioned of their sins.' [Soorah al-Qasas (28): 78] Because Allah knows them well and they will be punished without being called to account. Allah further says, 'So, We caused the earth to swallow him and his dwelling place. Then he had no group to help him against Allah, nor was he one of those who could save themselves.' [Soorah al-Qasas (28): 78] Meaning his wealth, servants and followers were of no avail to him; they could not protect him from the Wrath of Allah. Nor could he help or save himself. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu aliahi wa-sallam) said, 'When a man among the people who came before you went out wearing out green garments, walking proudly and arrogantly, Allah commanded the earth to swallow him up, and he will remain sinking down into it until the Day of Resurrection.' [(Hasan) Musnad Ahmad]

Therefore, it is necessary to be grateful to Allah for His blessings and bounties and not attribute them to anyone except Him Alone.

May Allah grant us the ability to protect ourselves from Words We Say out of Negligence. Ameen!


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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