The Sources of Aqeedah,
and the Manhaj (way) of the Salaf in deriving and learning it.
Aqeedah is Tawqeefiyah, (which means that) it cannot be established except with
a proof from the Sharee'ah. There is no room in it for opinion and speculation.
Therefore, its sources are restricted to what is mentioned in the Book and the
Sunnah because no one is more knowledgeable than Allah about the obligations due
to Him and what He is free from. And after Allah, no one knows more about Allah,
than Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam). Therefore, the Manhaj of the Salaf as-Saleh and those,
who followed them in learning the Aqeedah, was restricted to the Book and the
Sunnah. They believed, affirmed and implemented everything that was established
in the Book and the Sunnah concerning the Rights of Allah - and that which is
neither established in the Book of Allah, nor in the Sunnah of His Messenger;
they disowned and rejected it. For this reason, no differences were found
amongst them in beliefs, rather their belief was one and their Jama'ah was one.
This is because Allah supports whoever holds on to His Book and the Sunnah of
His Messenger with a unified position, correctness in aqeedah and unity in
Manhaj. He says, 'And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e.
this Qur'aan), and be not divided among yourselves.' [Soorah aal-Imran (3): 103]
and, 'Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My
Guidance shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery.' [Soorah
Taha (20): 123]
Therefore, they are called 'the saved sect', because the Messenger testified
safety (from the Hell-Fire) for them when he informed about the splitting of the
Ummah (nation) into seventy-three sects, all of them into the Fire except one.
When he was asked about this one (saved sect), he replied, '… that which I and
my companions are upon this day.' [This hadeeth is narrated by Imam Ahmad]
The Prophecy of Allah's Messenger has come to pass; some people have built their
Aqeedah based upon other than the Book and the Sunnah, such as Ilmul-Kalam
(rhetoric) and from the fundamentals of logic inherited from Greek philosophy.
(thus) Deviation and splitting in Aqeedah took place, which resulted in
differing of the word, splitting of the Jamaa'ah and demolition of the united
structure of Islam.