As-Sunnah Vol. 2 Issue No. 5

 

The Sources of Aqeedah and the way to derive it.

Chapter 2:
The Sources of Aqeedah,
and the Manhaj (way) of the Salaf in deriving and learning it.

Aqeedah is Tawqeefiyah, (which means that) it cannot be established except with a proof from the Sharee'ah. There is no room in it for opinion and speculation. Therefore, its sources are restricted to what is mentioned in the Book and the Sunnah because no one is more knowledgeable than Allah about the obligations due to Him and what He is free from. And after Allah, no one knows more about Allah, than Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam). Therefore, the Manhaj of the Salaf as-Saleh and those, who followed them in learning the Aqeedah, was restricted to the Book and the Sunnah. They believed, affirmed and implemented everything that was established in the Book and the Sunnah concerning the Rights of Allah - and that which is neither established in the Book of Allah, nor in the Sunnah of His Messenger; they disowned and rejected it. For this reason, no differences were found amongst them in beliefs, rather their belief was one and their Jama'ah was one. This is because Allah supports whoever holds on to His Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger with a unified position, correctness in aqeedah and unity in Manhaj. He says, 'And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur'aan), and be not divided among yourselves.' [Soorah aal-Imran (3): 103] and, 'Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My Guidance shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery.' [Soorah Taha (20): 123]

Therefore, they are called 'the saved sect', because the Messenger testified safety (from the Hell-Fire) for them when he informed about the splitting of the Ummah (nation) into seventy-three sects, all of them into the Fire except one. When he was asked about this one (saved sect), he replied, ' that which I and my companions are upon this day.' [This hadeeth is narrated by Imam Ahmad]

The Prophecy of Allah's Messenger has come to pass; some people have built their Aqeedah based upon other than the Book and the Sunnah, such as Ilmul-Kalam (rhetoric) and from the fundamentals of logic inherited from Greek philosophy. (thus) Deviation and splitting in Aqeedah took place, which resulted in differing of the word, splitting of the Jamaa'ah and demolition of the united structure of Islam.


Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter - http://www.qsep.com

 

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