The Deviation from the Correct Aqeedah
has many causes, which should be known.
From the most important of them are;
1. Ignorance of the Correct Aqeedah because of turning away from learning and
teaching it, or lack of attention or concern for it until a generation is raised
not knowing the Aqeedah and not knowing that which opposes it and what
contradicts it. The truth is then deemed to be falsehood and falsehood to be
truth, as Umar Ibn Khattab (radhi allahu anhu) said, 'Verily, the bonds of Islam will be destroyed
one by one, when there arise in Islam people who do not know or recognize
2. Bigotry (ta'assub) towards that, which the ancestors were upon and adhering
to it even if it was false, and abandoning what opposes it, even if it was the
truth. As Allah says, 'When it is said to them, 'Follow what Allah has sent
down.' They say, 'Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following.'
(Would they do that!) Even though their fathers did not understand anything nor
were they guided?' [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 170]
3. Blind-Following (Taqleed) by accepting people's statements in Aqeedah without
knowing its proof or level of authenticity, as is the case of the Jahmiyyah and
Mutazilah, and Ash'aaris and Soofis and others, whereby they (blindly) followed
their scholars of deviation who preceded them and thus, they were misguided and
went astray from the correct beliefs.
4. Extremism or Exaggeration (in honoring) the Awliya and Saliheen (the
righteous) and raising them above their status where it is believed that they
bring benefits and prevent harm, in a manner, which none has the ability except
Allah. Taking them as intermediaries between Allah and His creation in
fulfilling needs and answering the duaa until the matter turns into their
worship other than Allah. Seeking nearness to their tombs through sacrifices,
vows (nadhr), supplication, seeking aid and asking for help like what occurred
among the people of Nuh u regarding the pious, when they said,
'You shall not
leave your gods, nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwa', nor Yaghuth, nor Ya'uq,
nor Nasr (names of the idols).' [Soorah Nuh (71):23] Such is the case of the
grave-worshippers of today in many countries.
5. Negligence in pondering over the universal and Qur'aanic Ayaat (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc) of Allah, and being
overwhelmed by the facts and figures of the material civilization until they
think that this is from the man's ability alone, and they glorify man, and
attribute these accomplishments to his (man's) endeavors and experiments alone,
as Qaroon said, 'This has been given to me only because of knowledge I possess.'
[Soorah al-Qasas (28): 78] and as man says, 'This is for me (due to my merit),'
[Soorah Fussilat (41): 50]
'Only because of knowledge (that I possess) I obtained it.' [Soorah az-Zumar
They do not ponder or look at the glory of the One, Who originated this
universe, and bestowed in it these magnificent wonders, and He, Who originated
man and conferred upon him the ability to derive and utilize these benefits.
'While Allah has created you and what you make!' [Soorah as-Saffat (37): 96]
'Do they not look in the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all things
that Allah has created.' [Soorah al-A'raf (7): 185]
'Allah is He, Who has created the heavens and the earth and sends down water
(rain) from the sky, and thereby brought forth fruits as provision for you; and
He has made the ships to be of service to you, that they may sail through the
sea by His Command; and He has made rivers (also) to be of service to you. And
He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses, to be
of service to you; and He has made the night and the day, to be of service to
you. And He gave you of all that you asked for, and if you count the Blessings
of Allah, never will you be able to count them.' [Soorah Ibraheem (14): 32-34]
6. Largely houses have become empty of the correct guidelines. The Messenger of
Allah (sallallahu alahi wa-sallam) said, 'Every child is born upon Fitrah (natural inborn instinct which
recognizes his Lord), but his parents make him a Jew, a Christian or a
fire-worshiper.' [Agreed upon] Thus, parents play a big role in setting right
the child's way of life.
7. Lack of importance to the means of teaching and spreading knowledge in most
of the Islamic world. More often, the methods of teaching do not give much
importance to the religious part, or they are careless in this regard from the
beginning. The means of transmitting knowledge, whether textual, audio-visual or
verbal have mostly become tools of destruction and misguidance, or they are more
involved in material and entertaining obsessions. They do not care about
building (good) character, instilling the correct Aqeedah, or combating the
misguided trends, until there arises a generation defenseless against the army
of Ilhad (misguidance).
Ways of Avoiding this Deviation
1. Returning to the Book of Allah and to the Sunnah of His Messenger to derive
the correct beliefs (Aqeedah) just as the Salaf as-Saleh took their beliefs from
them, 'The later part of this Ummah will not be corrected except by that which
corrected its earliest part.' With this (it is also necessary to be) aware of
the beliefs of the deviant groups, and to know their doubts in order to refute
them and warn against them because he, who does not know the evil, tends to fall
2. Giving importance to teaching the correct Aqeedah - the aqeedah of the
Salafus-Saleh - in different educational levels and giving it ample share of the
syllabus and arranging precise examinations on the subject.
3. Organizing study of the pure books of the Salaf, and staying far from books
of the deviant groups like the Sufis, the innovators, the Jahmiyah, the Mutazilah, the Asharis, the Maturidis, and other than them, except for knowing
(their deviancies) so as to refute what is in them of falsehood and warning
4. Establishing Duat (callers) who revive the Aqeedah of the Salaf for the
people and refute the misguidance of the deviated groups.
End of Part 1
from the book, Aqeedah at-Tawheed.
Portions of this book will be published in subsequent issues of As-Sunnah.