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You Are Here: Knowledge Base Aqeedah (Pillars of Faith) Kufr (Disbelief) and its types

Postpone takfeer until the true Aqidah becomes deeply rooted in the people's hearts

 Offering Salah behind Tijaniyyah Followers

Fatwa no. 18674

Question: In Cameron we suffer from the problem of offering Salah (Prayer) behind a Mubtadi` (one who introduces innovations in Islam) who follows the Tijaniyyah (a Sufi order that stresses culture, education, and ritual practices by disciples). It is the only Tariqah (Sufi order) which has prevailed for a very long time. This problem has led to disunity between the Du`ah (callers to Islam), since most of them believe that it is not permissible to offer Salah behind such Imams (those who lead congregational Prayer). They have based their belief on Fatwa no. 2089, which was issued by the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta', but we do not know whether the Fatwa is applicable to all Sufi orders or to one order in particular. We would like to present the actual situation of the people in our country so that you will give us a Fatwa specific to our condition that ends this Fitnah (trial).

Firstly, people have lived for forty years knowing nothing except the Tijaniyyah, and believing that it is the true Islam revealed to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) because there was no call to Salafiyyah (those following the way of the righteous predecessors). Thus, when the call to Salafiyyah began, it was regarded as an innovation.

Secondly, these people do not understand Arabic, and Islam cannot be understood except in Arabic. For example, some of them say "Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest)" without understanding what the phrase means; they may even understand only some Ayahs (Qur'anic verses) of the Fatihah although they are Imams in Masjids (mosques).

Thirdly, there is no communication between them and the scholars of the Ummah (nation) and competent Du`ah.

Fourthly, they live in a non-Muslim country where there are no scholars and are thus away from Al-Haqq (the Truth).

Fifthly, those whom Allah has guided to understand the Salafiyyah and call to it are all from among the youth, and the elders do not trust their knowledge. In fact, they consider them ignorant youngsters who should be informed of the truth. Unfortunately, and because of Fatwa no. 2089, our young Du`ah declared that the followers of Tijaniyyah are Kafirs (disbelievers) after whom Salah should not be offered. This has led to several problems and rejection of Al-Haqq which the young Du`ah are calling to.

We hope Your Honor will advise us and consider the rules of Takfir (declaring someone to be a disbeliever). We ask you to give much concern to this country so that the Du`ah will unite and take the Da`wah in the correct manner in order to inform people how to properly deal with this Tariqah or any other Tariqah. As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah's Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

Answer: The Fatwa we issued in which we declared the invalidity of offering Salah behind followers of Tijaniyyah represents Al-Haqq in accordance with the rules of Shari`ah (Islamic law). You must call to Allah with knowledge, deep insight, and make the means to your call wise and fair preaching.

Allah (Exalted be He) states: "Say (O Muhammad sallallahu alaihe wasallam): 'This is my way; I invite unto Allah with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me (must also invite others to Allah with sure knowledge)." [
Surah Yusuf, 12: 108]

He (Glorified be He) also states: "Invite (mankind, O Muhammad sallallahu alaihe wasallam) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islām) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur‘ān) and fair preaching." [
Surah Al-Nahl, 16: 125]

You are required to explain the true `Aqidah (creed) to those whom you call to Allah and begin by calling to the pure `Ibadah (worship) along with supporting this with evidence from the Qur'an and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). Regarding the issue of Takfir, you should postpone it until the true `Aqidah becomes deeply rooted in the people's hearts.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'

Member Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd Salih Al-Fawzan `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Permanent Committee Fatwas, Group two, Volume 2: (Aqidah) > The Sects > Salah behind a follower of Tijaniyyah