Verifying the Hadith: "If you are confused regarding certain matters, seek the help of the dwellers of the graves"
Q. Some people claim that seeking the help of the deceased is permissible for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "If you are confused regarding certain matters, seek the help of the dwellers of the graves." Is this Hadith Sahih (authentic)?
A. This is a fabricated Hadith that is falsely attributed to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). Many scholars including Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah be merciful with him) warned against this Hadith.
Ibn Taymiyyah stated in his book: Majmu` Al-Fatawa (vol. 1, p. 356):
"Scholars of Hadith unanimously agree that this Hadith is falsely attributed to the Prophet (peace be upon him). No acknowledged scholar of Hadith reported it and it is not found in any of the reliable Books of Hadith."
This falsely attributed Hadith contradicts the Qur'an and Sunnah (whatever is reported by the Prophet) for they both command us to devote our `Ibadah (worship) to Allah Alone and prohibit Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship). Undoubtedly, invoking, seeking the help of, and resorting to the dead in times of calamites and catastrophes, or prosperity are acts of major Shirk.
The early Mushriks (those who associate others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) used to worship Allah Alone when suffering from immense distress, but in times of prosperity, they would associate partners with Him.
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:
And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allâh, making their Faith pure for Him only: but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others.
(Surah Al-`Ankabut, 29: 65)
There are many other Ayahs (Qur'anic Verses) to the same effect. The Mushriks of these days commit the Shirk in times of prosperity and adversity. They even commit Shirk more in times of adversity. This shows that their Kufr (disbelief) is worse and greater than that of the early polytheists.
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:
And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allâh, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him)
(Surah Al-Baiyyinah, 98: 5)
So, call you (O Muhammad and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allâh making (your) worship pure for Him (Alone) (by worshipping none but Him and by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allâh‘s sake only and not to show off and not to set up rivals with Him in worship), however much the disbelievers (in the Oneness of Allâh) may hate (it).
(Surah Ghafir, 40: 14)
So worship Allâh (Alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allâh‘s sake only.
(Surah Al-Zumar, 39: 2)
Surely the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allâh only.
(Surah Al-Zumar, 39: 3)
Allah (Glorified be He) says:
Such is Allâh, your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmîr (the thin membrane over the date-stone).
(Surah Fatir, 35: 13)
If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call; and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of everything).
(Surah Fatir, 35: 14)
These two Ayahs comprise all those being worshipped other than Allah (Exalted be He) such as the prophets, righteous people, and so on.
In the following Ayah (Qur'anic verse), Allah (Glorified be He) clarifies that supplicating others than Allah (Exalted be He) is Shirk and Kufr. He (Exalted be He) says:
And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allâh, any other ilâh (god), of whom he has no proof; then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! Al-Kâfirûn (the disbelievers in Allâh and in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheists, pagans, idolaters) will not be successful.
(Surah Al-Mu'minun, 23: 117)
There are many Ayahs indicating the obligation of dedicating acts of `Ibadah and directing our Du`a' (supplication) to Allah Alone and the prohibition of worshipping the dead, idols, trees, stones. These are known to those who contemplate and seek the guidance of the Qur'an.
Similarly, there are many authentic Hadith Mutawatir (a Hadith reported by a significant number of narrators throughout the chain of narration, whose agreement upon a lie is impossible) indicating the same import.
Allah is the One Whose help is to be sought. There is neither might nor power except with Allah.
Ibn Baz Fatwas > Volume 26 > Book on Hadith, Second Section > Book on Hadith Mawdu` > Degree of authenticity of Hadith: If you are confused regarding certain matters, seek the help of the dwellers of the graves