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You Are Here: Knowledge Base Aqeedah (Pillars of Faith) Faith in Qadar (Predestination)

What is Al-Tawhid Al-Ilmy Al-Khabary and Al-Tawhid Al-Irady Al-Talaby

Q: On reading books on Tawhid (belief in the oneness of Allah), I find sections as follow:

1. Al-Tawhid Al-`Ilmy Al-Khabary
2. Al-Tawhid Al-Irady Al-Talaby

-What is the meaning of "Al-Irady" in the second section? Does it refer to what Allah wants from His servant as regards His Shari`ah (Law) and legal rulings? Or does it refer to what a servant wants from his Lord, i.e. that he
wants none but Allah? What does the "Divine Will" refer to?

-Also, what does the word "Al-Talaby" refer to? Does it mean that a servant should exclusively call on Allah and not associate anything or anyone with Him?

-In some books, the second section is named "Tawhid Al-Qasd wa Al-Iradah"; what does the word "Qasd" mean? Does it mean that a servant should be directed solely to Allah? I would be grateful if you could elaborate these points. May Allah bless you for it!.

A: What is meant by al-Tawhid al-Talaby al-Irady is that a servant singles out Allah (Exalted be He) for acts of worship such as Salah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), sacrifice, vows, supplication and other acts of worship.

This type of Tawhid is known as Tawhid of worship, acting upon the Saying of Allah (Exalted be He),
"Worship All‚h and join none with Him (in worship)"[Surah Al-Nisa, 4: 36]

Allah (Glorified be He) also says," And they were commanded not, but that they should worship All‚h, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him)" [Surah Al-Baiyyinah, 98: 5]
This is the meaning of the word of Tawhid "La Ilaha illa Allah (there is no deity but Allah)."

That is why the word Tawhid was denied by the Mushriks [of Arabia, trans.] when the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked them to testify that there is no deity but Allah, but they said as mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an,
"Has he made the ‚lihah (gods) (all) into One Il‚h (God - All‚h). Verily, this is a curious thing!" [Surah Sad, 38: 5]

The Will of Allah (Exalted be He) is one of His Attributes that are proper for Him.

Divine Will is of two types:

1)Universal Will: It is like Allah's Will to create the heavens and the earth, supply provision for all creatures and fix life spans for them.

This is because Allah (Exalted be He) does what He intends and wills. Whatever He intends and wills, must happen. Allay (Glorified be He) says,
"Verily, your Lord is the Doer of whatsoever He intends (or wills)."[Surah Hud, 11: 107]

2)Shari`ah-based will: It is Allah's Will with regard to His servants that they worship Him Alone and join no one with Him in worship.

A servant may realize the purpose of His Will. Also, he may be unable to realize the purpose of His Will according to wisdom fixed by Allah (Glorified be He) as referred to in the Saying of Allah (Exalted be He),

"All‚h wishes to make clear (what is lawful and what is unlawful) to you, and to show you the ways of those before you, and accept your repentance, and All‚h is All-Knower, All-Wise."[Surah Al-Nisa, 4: 26].

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

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