Your browser (Internet Explorer 7 or lower) is out of date. It has known security flaws and may not display all features of this and other websites. Learn how to update your browser.

You Are Here: Knowledge Base Usool al-Fiqh

Is adopting Rukhsah (concession) in religious matters stand as an indication of encroachment or negligence?

Q 2: Is adopting Rukhsah (concession) in religious matters stand as an indication of encroachment or negligence?

Adopting Rukhsah in religious matters is permissible if it designates the Shar`y (Islamic legal) Rukhsah which Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) prescribed, such as the Rukhsah given to the traveler to break their Sawm (Fast) during travel and to shorten the four-Rak`ah Salah (Prayer consisting of four units) to only two Rak`ahs as well as to combine the Zhuhr (Noon) and `Asr (Afternoon) Prayers and Maghrib (Sunset) and `Isha (Night) Prayers at the time of the earlier or the later one during travel.

Likewise, there is the Rukhsah of wiping over the Khuffs (leather socks) and the like. Accordingly, it is permissible to adopt Rukhsah as far as these cases are concerned.

However, if someone does not apply the Rukhsah to which they are entitled, rather they observe Sawm during travel and do not shorten Salah, or combine the mentioned Salahs, or wash their feet instead of wiping over the Khuffs, there is nothing wrong or sinful in this, as this merely counts as a decline to apply what is preferable.

This view is supported by the Hadith narrated by Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: (Allah loves that His allowances be taken advantage of just like He hates being disobeyed.) (Related by Imam Ahmad, Al-Bazzar and Al-Tabarany in Al-Awsat)

In another narration by Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both), the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: (Allah loves that His allowances be acted upon just as He loves that His prescribed duties be carried out.) (Related by Al-Tabarany in Al-Kabir and Al-Bazzar; the narrators of this Hadith are Thiqah [trustworthy])

However, adopting Rukhsah does not mean always choosing the easier of the two courses and following one's desires when considering Fatwas and views of the scholars, as this conduct is not permissible.

It is obligatory upon Muslims to be mindful and careful when it comes to matters related to their faith, and be keen on discharging their responsibility by not following except what the Qur'an and the Sunnah provide evidence for.

If someone is unaware of the legal ruling, they should ask the knowledgeable and trustworthy scholars. They should not repeat the same question to many scholars aiming at acting upon what agrees with their desire, as this indicates their negligence and heedlessness towards matters of their Din (religion).

It was reported from some of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) that anyone who goes after the concessions given by scholars will eventually end up as a Zindiq (libertine).

من تتبع رخص العلماء فقد تزندق

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'

Member Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd Salih Al-Fawzan `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Permanent Committee Fatwas > Group 2 > Volume 4: Fiqh – Taharah > Usul-ul-Fiqh > Taking the concession
The second question of Fatwa no. 20242