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You Are Here: Knowledge Base Aqeedah (Pillars of Faith) Kufr (Disbelief) and its types

Ruling on the Aqlaniyah (rationalist who judge the hadeeth by their intellect), hadeeth-rejectors, those who do Taweel of Allah's Names or claim Allah to be everywhere

Q4: Among the Masjids (mosques) built by religious organizations are some belonging to Muslim sects like those who call for the arbitration or exercise of human reason in judging the Prophetic Hadiths and hence deny thousands of authentic Hadiths.

Or sects that divert the Names of Allah and His Attributes from their original meaning. They circulate the wicked phrase, ’The Salaf (Predecessors) are Ahkam (more precise and nearest to the truth) and the Khalaf (Successors) are more knowledgeable.“

They also promulgate among the public a phrase that states, ’Allah is there, everywhere.“

Is it permissible to offer Salah (prayer) in one of these Masjids behind an Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) from these sects? What if the Imam of one of these Masjids recants this, should I demand from him to declare himself no longer affiliated to such sects or his saying so is deemed sufficient?

A: Those who deny the sound Hadiths authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and reject their meanings, are wrongful sinners; but declaring them to be disbelievers, is a matter of detail.

 As for those who give an allegorical interpretation to the Qur‘anic texts and Hadiths speaking of Allah‘s Names and Attributes and divert them from their original meaning, claiming that the Salaf are more precise and nearer to the truth but the Khalaf are more knowledgeable, are wrongful. Indeed, the Salaf are more knowledgeable, more understanding of the Qur‘an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and their Madh-hab (School of Jurisprudence) is more perfect and just than the Khalaf.

As for those who say: ’Allah Himself, in Person, is present everywhere,“ they are wrongful disbelieving immanentists (
حلولي خاطئ كافر).

Whoever says that Allah is there, everywhere, with His knowledge not Essence, is correct.

 Whoever exceeds the limits, denies all the sound Hadiths authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and only believes in the Qur‘an, is judged to be a Kafir (disbeliever) and should not be appointed as an Imam to lead the Muslims in prayer. Salah offered behind such an Imam is invalid.

Also, those who transgress in their interpretation of Allah‘s Names and Attributes, and the Resurrection and go as far as asserting pantheism or Allah‘s existence only in minds, not outside them, or assume that the Resurrection is spiritual, not physical, they are judged to be disbelievers and it is impermissible to pray behind them.

But, those who repent sincerely from among them, we should accept their repentence, leaving their inward conviction and feelings to Allah.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta‘

Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

 Permanent Committee Fatwas>Group 1>Volume 2: (`Aqidah 2)>Acts commensurate with Kufr>Denying Hadith Sahih and interpreting Ayahs about Allah's Names and Attributes