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Hypocrisy of Actions

'Abdullah bin 'Amr (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) narrated: The Prophet (peace be upon him) observed:
"Four characteristics make anyone, who possesses them, a sheer hypocrite; anyone who possesses one of them possesses a characteristic of hypocrisy till he abandons it:
-If he is entrusted with anything, he betrays the trust,
-when he talks, he lies,
-when he makes a covenant, he acts treacherously,
-and when he quarrels, he deviates from the truth.
[Narrated by Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 34, and by Muslim, Hadith no.58].

Hypocrisy means the difference between the outward and the inward, and this also includes the use of Taqiyyah (which is commonly practiced by the Shiites) while dealing with Muslims.

If hypocrisy occurs in ""faith"", then it is the "hypocrisy of disbelief"; and if it occurs in ""acts"", then it is the "hypocrisy of actions".

Hypocrisy may involve any acts of commission or omission, and it is of various degrees.

An-Nawawi said that the traits mentioned in the Hadith are the traits of hypocrisy and the person who commits any of these traits is ""similar"" to the hypocrites who are characterized by these traits and as such adopts the manners of the hypocrites."Hypocrisy is to do things in public that contradict one's inwards beliefs." This is applicable to the one who has any of the four qualities mentioned above. He will be regarded as committing hypocrisy against those with whom he deals, either by talking, promising, receiving his trust or disputing.
However, he will not be on equal footing with the hypocrite who claims Islam and hides disbelief.

On the other hand, some scholars said that this ruling is applied only to the person who is accustomed to these traits, but not the one who rarely practices them.