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You Are Here: Knowledge Base Way of the Salaf and how to call to it? Keeping away from the innovators, their gatherings and books

Not permissible for those who lack knowledge to enter into discussions / arguments with skeptic and misguided people

Q 3: We had a discussion with a Christian man, and among the questions that he asked us was the following: Can Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) create an Ilah (god) like Himself? I could not answer this question.
We hope that you will provide an answer to this question.

A: Allah (Glorified be He) says in His Glorious Book (what means):

"No son (or offspring) did All‚h beget, nor is there any il‚h (god) along with Him. (If there had been many gods), then each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others! Glorified be All‚h above all that they attribute to Him!" [Soorah al-Mu'minoon 23:91]

Allah in this Ayah (Qur‘anic verse) explains the impossibility of there being another god, as it would necessarily beget and entail the following perils:

First peril: Allah explains by His Saying: "(If there had been many gods), then each god would have taken away what he had created" [Soorah al-Mu'minoon 23:91]

 i.e. each god would have exclusive control over whatever he had created, would overpower it and would try to make his sovereignty overcome that of the others gods, which would lead to reciprocal claiming, combating and defeating! Indeed, high Exalted is Allah above all that.

Second peril: Gods would struggle against one another, each wanting superiority over the others, fighting to seize what they possess, to conquer them and to take their kingdom, where the strong would destroy the weak. As Allah (Exalted be He) says: "and some would have tried to overcome others!" [Soorah al-Mu'minoon 23:91]
Exalted is Allah and high above the great falsehood that the wrongdoers say!

Third peril: There would be corruption of both of the heavens and earth along with all that is in between them  of creation, as Allah (Exalted be He) says: "Had there been therein (in the heavens and the earth) ‚lihah (gods) besides All‚h, then verily both would have been ruined. Glorified be All‚h, the Lord of the Throne, (High is He) above all that (evil) they associate with Him!" [Soorah al-Anbiya 21:22]

 The assumption that there could be another god with Allah would entail that each has an absolute power of disposition, which would incur conflicts and disagreements between them, which would in turn bring about the ruin of the earth and heavens and whatever is in them. Indeed, high Exalted is Allah above all that!

It is not permissible for Muslims, especially those who lack knowledge and understanding, to enter into discussions and arguments with skeptic and misguided people. Indulging in such debates, without having sufficient knowledge could spark off doubts within themselves. A Muslim‘s inability to answer or offer their opponents a strong position will make them appear to hold weak views that they cannot prove.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta

Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz - Chairman
Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh (Deputy Chairman)
Bakr Abu Zayd (Member)    
Salih Al-Fawzan (Member)
Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan (Member)

Permanent Committee Fatwas>Group 2>Volume 1: `Aqidah>Tawhid-ul-Rububiyyah>Allah the Only Creator and His Sole Right to be worshiped / The third question of Fatwa no. 18885