Allamah Ibn Baaz on Nationalism and that it is from the calls of pre-Islamic Ignorance (Jahiliyyah)
That Islam prohibited Da'wah Al-Jahiliyyah (i.e. cries of the pre-Islamic time of ignorance), warned against it, stated and repeated many texts regarding this; rather, the legal texts prohibit all the evil traditions and actions except that which Islam approves of from these manners and traditions.
Undoubtedly, calling to Arab Nationalism is the habit of the pre-Islamic period, because it is a call for other than Islam and support of other than truth. How many destructive afflictions of war did the pre-Islamic traditions bring about to its people, the fuel of which are themselves, properties and honors and its result is breaking up and implanting enmity and grudges in the hearts and dividing tribes and people.
Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah be merciful with him) said: "Everything different from the tradition of Islam and Qur'an, whether it is related to progeny, country, nationality, doctrine, or school of thought, is from the customs of the pre-Islamic period.
It should be noted thatWhen a person from Al-Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and a person from Al-Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) quarreled, the boy from Al-Muhajirun called out: "O Muhajirun!" and the boy from Al-Ansar called out: ’O Ansar!“ Whereupon, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ’(Do I hear) the cries of Al-Jahiliyyah while I am among you!“ And he became very angry because of that.
From the Qur'anic texts with regard to this issue is the Allah's saying:And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and perform As-Sal‚t, and give Zak‚t and obey All‚h and His Messenger.
And:When those who disbelieve had put in their hearts pride and haughtiness ” the pride and haughtiness of the time of ignorance
Moreover, it is reported in the Sunan of Abu Dawud from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said:He is not of us, the one who calls to partisanship; he is not of us, the one who fights for partisanship; and he is not of us, the one who dies on partisanship.
Furthermore, it is reported in the Sahih of Muslim from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said:Allah has revealed to me that you must be humble, so that no one oppresses another or boasts over another.
Undoubtedly, the callers to Nationalism call to partisanship, get angry over partisanship and fight for partisanship. Furthermore, undoubtedly, the call to Nationalism incites injustice and arrogance, because Nationalism is not a divine religion preventing its followers from injustice and arrogance, but it is an idea from Al-Jahiliyyah pushing its followers to be arrogant of it and to be fanatical against those who criticize it, even though it is the wrongdoer or the one who is wronged. Therefore, consider this, O dear reader, and the truth will be manifested to you.
From the legal texts reported in this regard is what is reported by At-Tirmidhy and others from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said:Indeed Allah has removed from you the blind loyalties of Al-Jahiliyyah and the pride for ancestry. Either be a pious believer or a miserable insolent. (All of) you are children of Adam, and Adam is from dust. There is no superiority of the Arab over the non-Arab except with regard to Taqwa (fearing Allah as He should be feared).
This Hadith is in agreement with Allah (Exalted be He) says:O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with All‚h is that (believer) who has At-Taqw‚ [i.e. he is one of the MuttaqŻn (the pious. See V.2:2)].
In this verse, He (Glorified be He) explains that He has made people into tribes and nations not for the sake of pride and presumptuousness, and He has made the most God-Fearing person the most honored amongst them in His sight.
By the same token, the above-mentioned Hadith supports this meaning and guides to the fact that the tradition of Al-Jahiliyyah is arrogance and pride of the ancestors and progenies, but Islam is in contradiction to that, since it calls for modesty, piety and loving each other for the sake of Allah and to make the truthful Muslims from all kinds, one body enforcing each other and ailing for one another as reported in the sound and authentic Hadith from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said:A faithful believer to a faithful believer is like the bricks of a wall, enforcing each other.“ While saying so the Prophet (peace be upon him) clasped his hands, by interlacing his fingers.
He (peace be upon him) also said:The similitude of believers in regard to mutual love, affection and empathy is that of one body; when any of its limbs ache, the whole body aches, due to fever and sleeplessness.
I ask you by Allah, O nationalist: Does your Nationalism call for these good manners, mercy to all Muslims from Arabs and non-Arabs, kindness to them and aching for their pains? No, by Allah, but it calls for supporting those who become indulged in it and antagonizing against those who deny it.
Therefore, be careful, O Muslim, hope for salvation and consider the reality of things with the mirror of justice free from partisanship and whim until you see the essence of realities. May Allah guide me and you to the means of salvation and safety.
Adding to these is what is authentically reported in the SahihThat a boy from Al-Muhajirun and a boy from Al-Ansar quarreled and the boy from Al-Muhajirun said: 'O Muhajirun,' and the boy from Al-Ansar said: 'O Ansar.' Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'Do you follow the cries of Al-Jahiliyyah, while I am with you?'
If the one who was related to Al-Muhajirun and asked them for support against their brothers in religion, and the one who was related to Al-Ansar and asked them for support against their brothers in religion were judged as calling for the cries of Al-Jahiliyyah, although these two names (Al-Muhajirun and Al-Ansar) are beloved to Allah [Exalted and Sublime Be He] and Allah praised their followers with great praise in the Almighty's saying:And the foremost to embrace Isl‚m of the Muh‚jirŻn (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ans‚r (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muh‚jirŻn) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). All‚h is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him., then how will the situation be of a person related to Nationalism, who seeks support in it and gets angry for it?
Is it not more worthy for a person who calls for Nationalism to be considered as calling for the cries of Al-Jahiliyyah? Undoubtedly, this is the clearest thing of all.
From these evidence is also what is authentically reported in the Sahih from Al-Harith Al-Ash`ary that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
The Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned these five things and said: I, too, command you to do five things that Allah commanded me to do: listening, obedience, jihad, immigration, and (sticking to) the Jama'ah (Muslim community), for whosoever separates from the community within a span takes off the noose of Islam from his neck, unless he repents.
Moreover, whoever adopts the call of Al-Jahiliyyah, will be one of those who will crawl on their knees in Hell.
A man said: 'O Messenger of Allah, even though he observes Salah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast)?' He said: 'Yes, even though he observes Salah and Sawm and claims to be a Muslim. So adopt the call of Allah whereby He called you Muslims and believers and servants of Allah.
This sound Hadith is one of the clearest Hadiths and the most obvious one of them regarding the invalidation of the call to Nationalism and considering it a cry of Al-Jahiliyyah, the callers to which deserve to be from the denizens of Hell-Fire, even if they perform Salah, Sawm, and claim that they are Muslims.
So, what a severe threat and warning to every Muslim against the cries of Al-Jahiliyyah and inclining to those who believe in it even if they adorn it with heart-attracting speeches and astounding sermons which are baseless and have no evidence from reality, but it is just confusion, allusion and blind imitation which leads its followers to evil consequences.
We ask Allah to grant us safety against all that.